Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Heart Defects May Be Caused by Altered Function, Not Structure
Released December 30, 2013 - Study utilizing using animal model finds fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) heart defects may be caused by altered function, not structure.
For Altitude Training, a Narrow Window for Success
Released December 12, 2013 - In a new study, researchers found that living between 2000 and 2500 meters above sea level offered the best performance enhancement compared to living at higher or lower elevations. These findings could help competitive endurance athletes and their coaches develop altitude training regimens that have the highest chance of success.
Quadriplegics at Risk for Serious Sleep Breathing Disorder
Released December 5, 2013 - New findings suggest that where the spinal cord is injured—in the neck, or lower—can affect the likelihood and type of breathing problems during sleep, including central sleep apnea. Understanding how and why patients’ nighttime breathing is affected could help doctors better manage these conditions.
For Obese Teen Girls, Aerobic Exercise May Trump Resistance Training
Released November 7 2013 - New findings suggest that for teen girls, aerobic exercise might be superior to resistance exercise for cutting health risks associated with obesity. Study published in the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism.
Vitamin C Could Ease Muscle Fatigue in COPD Patients
Released November 7, 2013 - New findings show IV infusions of vitamin C can improve skeletal muscle fatigue in COPD patients, further implicating the role of oxidative stress in the skeletal muscle problems that accompany the disease.
Hormone Levels in Women Using Contraception
Released November 6, 2013 - Latest research provides new insight into mechanisms through which lower hormone levels may make the body more susceptible to damage caused by stress and the chronic elevation of the fight or flight response. A pattern consistent with these findings is observed in postmenopausal women.
Milk-Maker Hormone May Help Liver Regenerate
Released October 15, 2013 - Prolactin has an important function in the liver, but how important? Researchers, using an animal model, found the animals with extra prolactin had larger livers, regenerated their livers faster after partial removal, and were significantly more likely to survive liver surgery compared to animals that couldn’t process prolactin.
Sleeping In on Weekends Doesn’t Fix All Deficits Caused by Workweek Sleep Loss
Released October 9, 2013 - A new study assesses the effects of extended “weekend” recovery sleep following “one workweek” of mild sleep restriction on sleepiness/alertness, inflammation and stress hormones. Article is published in the American Journal of Physiology – Endocrinology and Metabolism.
When it Comes to the Good Cholesterol, Fitness Trumps Weight
Released October 9, 2013 - New findings suggest that maintaining a “healthy” weight isn’t as important for healthy cholesterol function as being active by regularly performing strength training. Study is published in the Journal of Applied Physiology.
Released September 25, 2013 - A new study suggests that the auditory cortex does more than just process sound. When study subjects were expecting a reward and received it, or weren’t expecting a reward and were right, this area lit up on brain scans. Study published in the Journal of Neurophysiology.
Transmitting Future Asthma by Smoking Today
Released September 20, 2013 - A new study confirms the lasting legacy of smoking. In the study, researchers exposed animal mothers to nicotine during pregnancy—a proxy for smoking—and found the grandchildren were also at an increased risk for asthma, despite the grandchildren never having been exposed to nicotine themselves.
Carbon Monoxide Could Hold Promise of Effective Preeclampsia
Released September 19,2013 - The findings of a comprehensive review of the placebo phenomenon and its consequences for clinical medicine are contained in a new article by neuroscientist Fabrizio Benedetti. The Review article provides an in-depth biological and evolutionary approach to examining the placebo effect in relationship to the doctor-patient relationship.
The Placebo Effect and its Lessons for the Physician-Patient Relationship
Released September 19, 2013 - The findings of a comprehensive review of the placebo phenomenon and its consequences for clinical medicine are contained in a new article by neuroscientist Fabrizio Benedetti. The Review article provides an in-depth biological and evolutionary approach to examining the placebo effect in relationship to the doctor-patient relationship.
Birds Appear to Lack Important Anti-Inflammatory Protein
Released September 16, 2013 - Bird diseases can have a vast impact on humans so understanding their immune systems can benefit people. An important element in the immune system of many animals' immune systems is the protein tristetraprolin (TTP), which plays an anti-inflammatory role, yet researchers have been unable to find it in birds. New research suggests birds are truly an anomaly.
Hitting the Gym May Help Men Avoid Diet-Induced Erectile Dysfunction
Released August 20, 2013 - Eating the Western diet is a risk factor for erectile dysfunction and coronary artery disease. How can junk food lovers avoid these problems? Exercise. Researchers used rats put on a “junk food” diet to test the effects of aerobic exercise and found that exercise effectively improved both erectile dysfunction and the function of vessels that supply blood to the heart.
Piano Fingers: How Players Strike Keys Depends on How Muscles Are Used
Released August 9, 2013 - Researchers have long been aware of a phenomenon in speech called coarticulation, in which certain sounds are produced differently depending on the sounds that come before or after them. A new study suggests that piano paying also involves coarticulation, with hand muscle contractions differing depending on the sequence of notes played.
Denis Jordanet: Physiologist Who Discovered Role of Low Blood Oxygen at High Altitude
Released August 8, 2013 - We’ve known for well over a century that low blood oxygen causes altitude sickness. The origin of this idea has long been attributed to French researcher Paul Bert. But it’s really Bert’s benefactor, Denis Jourdanet, who deserves the credit, according to a new article in the American Journal of Physiology-Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology.
Relationship Between Sleep and Memory: A Historical Review
Released July 29, 2013 - What’s the relationship between sleep and memory? A recent article in Physiological Reviews covers the field through a historical perspective on concepts and a discussion of more recent key findings. It also takes into account the varying approaches that have been used to clarify the mechanism that causes memory to benefit from sleep.
Estrogen’s Effects on Fat Depends on Where It’s Located
Released July 26, 2013 - Why women tend to accumulate fat in the stereotypical “pear” shape, with more fat in the buttocks and thighs (a shape that’s thought to be healthier than men’s stereotypical “apple” shape, with more fat around the belly), is still unclear. A new study gathers clues to help understand the role of estrogen’s effects on fat.
Where Do Astronauts Go When They Need “To Go?”
Released July 9, 2013 - The first American man in space had no place “to go,” and urinating in space was a tough problem for engineers to solve. In a new article, Hunter Hollins of the National Air and Space Museum reviews the history of urine collection in space in an article entitled, “Forgotten Hardware: How to Urinate in a Spacesuit,” which discusses the considerations necessary to accommodate this basic physiological function.
APS Statement on NIH Implementation of IOM Principles
Released June 26, 2013 - APS issues statement on NIH implementation of the recommendations of the IOM principles and criteria related to chimpanzee research. Society supports outcome-oriented guidelines for these animals housing and social group and assessing whether adjustments to a proposed timeline are needed.
Why Hard Drinking is Harder on the Body with Age
Released June 21, 2013 - Alcohol abuse could be even more dangerous for the elderly than for younger adults. A new study in rats suggests that heavy, chronic drinking accelerates the normal muscle loss that comes with aging.
New Flu Strains Prompt Review of Current Research, Call to Redouble Flu Fight
Released May 29, 2013 - Despite numerous medical advances over the past century, the flu—a seasonal rite of passage for many around the world—still remains deadly and dangerous. In April of this year, a new flu strain known as H7N9, thought to have the potential to cause a pandemic, emerged in China. This novel strain’s high mortality rate has led the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to issue predictions of hospitalizations, deaths, and economic impacts several times higher than those caused by the typical seasonal flu. In light of this and other information researchers have published a comprehensive overview of current flu research and efforts to combat this potentially lethal disease, including global surveillance to track the flu and vaccines and antiviral drugs currently in use. They also issue a call to improve efforts to fight the flu, including improving efforts to educate the public about the flu.
Fish Oil May Help the Heart Beat Mental Stress
Released May 23, 2013 - Why is fish oil good for the heart? A new study suggests that this omega 3 fatty acid-rich nutrient could blunt some cardiovascular effects of mental stress.
Odd Experiments by “America’s First Physiologist” Shed Light on Digestion
Released April 24, 2013 - A fur trader who suffered an accidental gunshot wound in 1822 and the physician who saw this unfortunate incident as an opportunity for research are key to much of our early knowledge about the workings of the digestive system.
Symposium, “William Beaumont: America’s First Physiologist and Pioneer of Gastrointestinal Research,” sponsored by American Physiological Society.
Drug Reduces Fat by Blocking Blood Vessels
Released April 23, 2013 - Researchers have long known that cancerous tumors grow collections of abnormal blood cells, the fuel that feeds this disease and keeps it growing. Now, new evidence in an animal model suggests that blood vessels in the fat tissue of obese individuals could provide the same purpose—and could provide the key to a new way for people to lose weight.
Nearly Half of Veterans With Blast Concussions Might Have Hormone Deficiencies
Released April 22, 2013 - Up to 20 percent of veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq have experienced at least one blast concussion. A new study finds about 42% of screened veterans with blast injuries have irregular hormone levels indicative of hypopituitarism, the decreased (hypo) secretion of one or more of the eight hormones normally produced by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain. Many conditions associated with hypopituitarism mimic other common problems that veterans can suffer, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression.
Cutting Back on Sleep Harms Blood Vessel Function and Breathing Control
Released April 22, 2013 - Researchers have tested the effects of partial sleep deprivation on blood vessels and breathing control and found that reducing sleep length over two consecutive nights leads to less healthy vascular function and impaired breathing control. The findings could help explain why sleep deprivation is associated with cardiovascular disease.
Two Days of Staging as Effective as Four for High Altitude Climbs
Released April 21, 2013 - Conventional knowledge suggests that to avoid acute mountain sickness (AMS), climbers need to “stage,” or set up camp, at a lower altitude for four days when summiting peaks as high as 4300 meters. A U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine team has found that two days of staging at a moderate altitude may be enough.
Indiana University Associate Professor Earns Henry Pickering Bowditch Award
Released April 21, 2013 - Johnathan D. Tune will present the American Physiological Society’s Henry Pickering Bowditch Award Lecture on April 21, 2013 during the Society’s 126th annual meeting. Dr. Tune is being recognized for his work on the mechanisms that connect obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. His lecture is entitled, “Translational Insight Into Regulation of Coronary Blood Flow."
Mayo Clinic Anesthesiologist Earns APS’s Walter B. Cannon Award
Released April 20, 2013 - Michael Joyner, M.D. will present the American Physiological Society’s Walter B. Cannon Award Lecture on April 20, 2013, during the Society’s 126th annual meeting. The Cannon Award is the Society’s pre-eminent award. The Mayo Clinic anesthesiologist will discuss physiology’s enduring relevancy.
Household Air Pollution (HAP) and Biomass Fuels
Released April 1, 2013 - Almost 4 million people die annually from household air pollution (HAP) caused by exposure to the combustion of biomass fuels, kerosene, or coal. These individuals are among the tens of millions who rely on the products for cooking, heating, and light. A new article explains the need for improved HAP biomarkers, and more.
Program Highlights from Upcoming Meeting, American Physiological Society
Released March 18, 2013 - The APS’s 126th annual meeting offers more than 2,700 programmed abstracts and dozens of symposia. Program highlights include the Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine Lecture, and presentations on eating disorders, human brain function, sex-based differences in exercise metabolism, and understanding emerging concepts about the pathology of diabetes and obesity. The meeting will be held April 20-24, 2013 at the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center, Boston, Mass.
APS Announces Top Award Lectures, Distinguished Lectureships at EB 2013
Released March 11, 2013 - APS announces the names of 14 distinguished researchers to be honored for their contributions to the field at the Society’s 126th annual meeting. The event, part of the Experimental Biology (EB) 2013 meeting, will be held April 20-24, 2013 at the Boston Convention & Exhibition Center.
Fainting Can Result From Blood Pressure Drug Used With Other Disorders
Released March 8, 2013 - New study identifies why prazosin, a drug commonly used to reduce high blood pressure, may cause lightheadedness and possible fainting upon standing in patients with normal blood pressure who take the drug for other reasons, such as PTSD and anxiety.
Physiology Goes Mobile
Released February 22, 2013 - Physiology Journals Go Mobile: APS brings new functionality to our highly regarded published research. All 13 of our peer-reviewed journals are now available through the APS Journals app, available from the Apple® iTunes® Store. In addition to the app, we also now provide mobile-optimized versions of each of the journals’ websites.
Georgia Regents University Professor David M. Pollock Elected President-Elect of APS
Released February 14, 2013 - The APS membership elected its new officers for terms beginning in 2013. David M. Pollock, Georgia Regents University, was elected President-Elect. John C. Chatham, University of Alabama School of Medicine, M. Harold Laughlin, University of Missouri-Columbia, and Marshall (Chip) H. Montrose, University of Cincinnati, were elected to Council. Terms begin at the Society’s annual meeting in April.
Probiotic-Derived Treatment Offers New Hope for Premature Babies
Released February 13, 2013 - “Good” bacteria that live in our intestines have been linked with a variety of health benefits. In a new study, researchers have uncovered another advantage to these friendly microscopic tenants: Chemicals secreted by good bacteria that typically live in the intestines of babies could reduce the frequency and severity of a common and often-lethal disease of premature infants,
known as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).
Short on Time? Aerobic, Not Resistance, Exercise is Best Bet For Weight- and Fat Loss
Released January 2, 2013 - Balancing time commitments against health benefits, aerobic training appears to be optimal mode of exercise for reducing fat- and body mass, while a program including resistance training is needed for increasing lean mass in middle-aged, overweight/obese individuals.