2018 Press Releases
Below are the American Physiological Society's press releases for 2018. Press releases are listed in descending order with the most recent release first.
2018 Press Releases

More Protein after Weight Loss May Reduce Fatty Liver Disease

Released August 16, 2018 - Increasing the amount of protein in the diet may reduce the liver’s fat content and lower the risk of diabetes in people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Estrogen May Protect Against Depression after Heart Attack

Released August 9, 2018 - Estrogen may protect against heart failure-related depression by preventing the production of inflammation-causing chemicals in the brain. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology.

Blocking Digestive Hormone May Prevent Diet-Induced Pancreatic Cancer

Released August 2, 2018 - A high-fat diet may promote the growth of pancreatic cancer independent of obesity because of the interaction between dietary fat and cholecystokinin (CCK), a digestive hormone. In addition, blocking CCK may help prevent the spread of pancreatic tumors to other areas of the body (metastases). The new findings are published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology. The research was chosen as an APSselect article for August.

Heat Therapy Boosts Mitochondrial Function in Muscles

Released July 31, 2018 - A new study finds that long-term heat therapy may increase mitochondrial function in the muscles. The discovery could lead to new treatments for people with chronic illness or disease. The study—the first of its kind in humans—is published ahead of print in the Journal of Applied Physiology.

Diabetes during Pregnancy May Increase Baby’s Heart Disease Risk

Released July 19, 2018 - Gestational diabetes may increase the risk of blood vessel dysfunction and heart disease in offspring by altering a smooth muscle protein responsible for blood vessel network formation. Understanding of the protein’s function in fetal cells may improve early detection of disease in children. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Cell Physiology.

Smell Receptors in the Body Could Help Sniff Out Disease

Released July 12, 2018 - A review of more than 200 studies reveals that olfactory receptors—proteins that bind to odors that aid the sense of smell—perform a wide range of mostly unknown functions outside the nose. The function of extra-nasal olfactory receptors has the potential to be used in the diagnosis and treatment of health conditions such as cancer. The article is published in the July issue of Physiological Reviews.

Stem Cell Transplant Drug May Protect against Smoke-related COPD Symptoms

Released July 3, 2018 - New research suggests that a drug shown to mobilize stem cells in patients with certain cancers that need stem cell transplantation may also protect against cigarette smoke-induced lung injury. The study, published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, was chosen as an APSselect article for July.

Obesity + Aging Linked to Alzheimer’s Markers in the Brain

Released June 28, 2018 - A new study suggests that when a high-fat, high-sugar diet that leads to obesity is paired with normal aging, it may contribute to the development of Alzheimer’s disease. In addition, researchers discovered that certain areas of the brain respond differently to risk factors associated with Alzheimer’s. The study is published in Physiological Reports.

Martin Frank, PhD, Retires as APS Executive Director

Released June 25, 2018 - Martin Frank, PhD, FAPS, will retire on June 30, 2018, from the American Physiological Society (APS) after 33 years as executive director. During his time at APS, Frank has overseen growth in many areas, including increases in the Society’s member base and in its ability to support researchers working in the discipline of physiology.

Online Professional Development Boosts Teachers’ Confidence, Knowledge

Released June 21, 2018 - Multiple factors go into making an effective professional development (PD) program for K–12 teachers. Focusing on content, active learning, collaboration and coaching support and using models of effective teaching can broaden the knowledge of science teachers. However, many teachers are short on the resources needed to attend one-time short-term PD programs. Additionally, there is little data on the effect of national PD programs on student achievement. The results of one online PD program for teachers will be shared today as part of American Physiological Society’s (APS’s) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis.

‘Exam Roulette’ Could Quell Essay-induced Anxiety

Released June 21, 2018 - For many students, essay tests are a source of dread and anxiety. But for professors, these tests provide an excellent way to assess a student’s depth of knowledge and critical-thinking skills. At the American Physiological Society’s (APS’s) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis., Andrew Petzold, PhD, of the University of Minnesota Rochester Center for Learning Innovation, will discuss how a game of chance can lead to increased student preparation and motivation.

Study Abroad for Commuters at the University of New Hampshire at Manchester

Released June 21, 2018 - Studying abroad can impart a number of valuable, lifelong skills in students, including improved foreign language skills, appreciation for other cultures and, importantly, access to unique learning opportunities only available in certain countries and settings. However, less than 10 percent of U.S. college students participate in study abroad experiences. The cost of these experiences remains a major impediment to many students. As part of the American Physiological Society’s (APS’s) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis., Patricia A. Halpin, PhD, will present a case study of a pilot program that aimed to provide more opportunities for students at the University of New Hampshire at Manchester to study abroad.

In-Person and Online Learning May Boost Student Performance, Reduce Anxiety

Released June 20, 2018 - Before online learning existed, the traditional lecture format was the only option for college courses. Students who skipped class risked missing out on valuable information presented in-person. Researchers from the University of Iowa found that online content presentation accompanied by weekly interactive class meetings—a “blended” course format—may improve academic achievement in students at risk for failing. In addition, fewer students withdrew from the class when the content was presented in a blended format. The findings will be presented today at the American Physiological Society’s (APS’s) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis.

Forgetting May Help Improve Memory and Learning

Released June 20, 2018 - Forgetting names, skills or information learned in class is often thought of as purely negative. However unintuitive it may seem, research suggests that forgetting plays a positive role in learning: It can actually increase long-term retention, information retrieval and performance. The findings will be presented today at the American Physiological Society’s (APS’s) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis.

Course Flexibility Frees Up Time, Preserves Performance

Released June 19, 2018 - Medical students face an intense schedule and workload and often struggle to juggle their priorities. Similarly, medical school faculty must find time in their busy schedules to prepare lectures and for face-to-face interaction with their students. In an effort to optimize student and faculty time and increase engagement between them, researchers from Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center “flipped” their content delivery strategy upside down. They will present their findings today at the American Physiological Society (APS) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis.

Does Good Attendance = Good Grades?

Released June 19, 2018 - Studies of classroom attendance patterns in undergraduate students have shown that attendance and performance go hand in hand—attending class is the key to reaping the rewards of academic achievement. However, many of these studies were completed before the advent of the internet and the explosion of online learning. Researchers will discuss the changing nature of medical student engagement in the physical classroom and effective teaching approaches today at the American Physiological Society (APS) Institute on Teaching and Learning in Madison, Wis.

Trends in Science Education Take Center Stage at APS ITL

Released June 18, 2018 - The APS Institute on Teaching and Learning (ITL) kicks off today and includes a robust line-up of experts presenting research on what’s next and new in science education.

APS a Finalist in Two Categories for Association Media & Publishing’s EXCEL Awards

Released June 7, 2018 - APS’s I Spy Physiology blog and the APS Benefits Me campaign were announced as finalists for Association Media & Publishing’s (AM&P) Annual EXCEL Awards, which recognize the best and brightest in association media and publishing. Winners will be announced on June 25.

Increased Electrical Activity in Eye May Relieve Short-term Dry Eye Pain

Released June 6, 2018 - A boost of electrical activity in the eye’s mucous membranes may lead to new treatments for the painful condition known as dry eye. The study, published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Cell Physiology, was chosen as an APSselect article for June.

Heavier Astronauts Have Higher Risk of Post-flight Eye Changes

Released May 31, 2018 - New research suggests that changes in the eye that occur during spaceflight may be related to how much an astronaut weighs. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.

APS Awards $293,250 to Its 2018 Undergraduate Research Fellows

Released May 30, 2018 - APS is pleased to announce its 2018 Undergraduate Summer Research Fellows. Recipients of the Society’s four summer fellowship programs spend an average of 10 weeks in the laboratory of an established scientist and APS member.

Jeff Sands, MD, Becomes 91st President of the American Physiological Society

Released May 17, 2018 - Jeff Sands, MD, assumed the APS presidency immediately following the APS annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2018. Sands is the Juha P. Kokko Professor of Medicine and Physiology and the director of the renal division at Emory University in Atlanta.

APS Announces New Leadership for Coming Year

Released May 17, 2018 - The American Physiological Society (APS) is pleased to announce its new leadership: President Elect Meredith Hay, PhD, FAPS, and Councilors David Mattson, PhD; Timothy Musch, PhD, FAPS; and Larissa Shimoda, PhD. The new officers were elected by APS membership and took office last month at the APS annual meeting at Experimental Biology (EB) in San Diego.

Omega-3, Omega-6 in Diet Alters Gene Expression in Obesity

Released May 15, 2018 - A new study reveals that essential fats in the diet may play a role in regulating protein secretion in the muscles by changing the way genes associated with secretion act. The study is published ahead of print in Physiological Genomics.

Increased Nerve Activity May Raise Blood Pressure in Anxiety

Released May 3, 2018 - Sympathetic nerve activity to skeletal muscle blood vessels—a function of the nervous system that helps regulate blood pressure—increases during physiological and mental stress in people with chronic anxiety, a new study finds. Over time, this response may increase the risk of high blood pressure and heart disease, although the study did not test this specifically. The study, published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurophysiology, was chosen as an APSselect article for May.

Stress Hormones Spike as the Temperature Rises

Released April 25, 2018 - A new study in medical students finds that summer, not winter, is the season when people are most likely to have higher levels of circulating stress hormones. These non-intuitive findings contradict traditional concepts of the taxing physical toll of winter and the relaxed ease of summer. Researchers will present their findings today at the American Physiological Society (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2018 in San Diego.

Drinking Kefir May Prompt Brain-Gut Communication to Lower Blood Pressure

Released April 25, 2018 - Drinking kefir may have a positive effect on blood pressure by promoting communication between the gut and brain. Kefir is a fermented probiotic milk beverage known to help maintain the balance of beneficial bacteria in the digestive system. Researchers will present their findings today at the American Physiological Society (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2018 in San Diego.

Preconception Zinc Deficiency Could Spell Bad News for Fertility

Released April 24, 2018 - An estimated 10 percent of couples in the U.S. struggle with infertility. While a variety of factors can make it difficult for some people to get pregnant, ovulation disorders are a leading cause of female infertility. Now, researchers have found that zinc deficiency can negatively affect the early stages of egg development, reducing the ability of the egg cells to divide and be fertilized. This may affect fertility months in the future. The researchers will present their results at the American Physiological Society annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2018 in San Diego.

Mental, Not Physical, Fatigue Affects Seniors’ Walking Ability

Released April 24, 2018 - Low “mental energy” may affect walking patterns in older adults more than physical fatigue. New research about the relationship between walking ability and self-reported mood will be presented today at the American Physiological Society (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2018 in San Diego.

Slower Calorie Burn during Pregnancy May Mean More Retained Baby Weight in Obese Black Moms

Released April 22, 2018 - Differences in the way women with obesity burn calories during pregnancy may be a contributor to long-term postpartum weight retention in black moms. A new study shows that despite similar levels of food intake and activity levels—and a higher proportion of fat-free mass—obese black women burned fewer calories than their white counterparts. The findings, which suggest a need for more individualized pregnancy weight gain recommendations for obese women, will be presented today at the APS annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2018 in San Diego.

Drinking Water May Help Exercising Seniors Stay Mentally Sharp

Released April 22, 2018 - Older people should drink more water to reap the full cognitive benefits of exercise, new research suggests. The study, to be presented today at the American Physiological Society (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2018 in San Diego, explores the association between hydration status before exercising and exercise-enhanced cognition in older adults.

Scott Steen Named New Executive Director of the American Physiological Society

Released April 20, 2018 - The American Physiological Society today announced that Scott Steen, CAE, FASAE, will serve as its new executive director, starting on July 16. A veteran association management professional, Steen was selected following an executive search to replace APS’ long-serving executive director, Martin Frank, PhD.

2018 Distinguished Lectureship Award Winners to Present Talks at Experimental Biology

Released April 17, 2018 - The American Physiological Society (APS) has announced the 2018 recipients of its distinguished lecturer awards. APS is pleased to recognize these outstanding honorees, who will present their lectures at the APS annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2018 (April 21–25 in San Diego).

Nobel Laureate, Top Researchers Talk Exosomes in President’s Symposium Series

Released April 17, 2018 - APS President Dennis Brown, PhD, of Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, has organized a thought-provoking President’s Symposium Series for the American Physiological Society (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2018 in San Diego. Three symposia will focus on the theme “Exosomes: The New Frontier.” Top researchers in physiology will discuss the biology and pathophysiology of exosomes—tiny structures secreted from cells and found in many body fluids—as well as the use of exosomes as diagnostic and therapeutic tools. The series concludes on Wednesday with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Lecture by Nobel Laureate Leland Hartwell, PhD, director of the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University.

Distracted by Social Media, But Students Are Still Listening

Released April 12, 2018 - A new study finds that social media distraction in the classroom interferes with visual, but not auditory, learning in college students. The paper is published in Advances in Physiology Education.

Resistance Exercise Improves Insulin Resistance, Glucose Levels

Released April 3, 2018 - A new study suggests that resistance exercise may improve indicators of type 2 diabetes by increasing expression of a protein that regulates blood sugar (glucose) absorption in the body. The paper, published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Endocrinology and Metabolism, was chosen as an APSselect article for April.

Opioids No More? Review Article Evaluates Alternative Treatments for Chronic Pain

Released March 29, 2018 - An estimated 2 million people in the U.S. are addicted to prescription opioids—powerful doctor-prescribed medications for chronic or severe pain. The drugs are commonly prescribed to treat gastrointestinal pain caused by conditions such as Crohn’s disease and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), raising the risk of addiction among this population. A review published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology explores newer, potentially safer therapies for treating chronic abdominal pain with lower risks of addiction and side effects.

Hair Loss Drug Might Improve Vascular Health, Mental Decline

Released March 20, 2018 - Minoxidil, a popular drug used on the scalp to treat hair loss, might improve blood flow to the brain, lower blood pressure and increase elasticity in the blood vessels if taken in an oral form, according to a new study in mice. The article is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology.

Aging + Lung Stiffening = Function Decline

Released March 8, 2018 - New research suggests that certain areas of the lungs are more likely than others to show age-related damage that compromises respiratory function. The paper is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology.

Tapeworms Could Prevent, Treat Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Children

Released March 1, 2018 - New research suggests that parasitic worms could someday help prevent or treat pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The study, published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, was chosen as an APSselect article for March.

Muscle Regeneration Compromises Stability in Muscular Dystrophy

Released February 28, 2018 - A new study finds that muscle fibers in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) split during regeneration to such an extreme that the muscle is weakened beyond repair. The article is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Cell Physiology.

Diabetic Nerve Damage May Increase Energy Needed for Walking

Released February 21, 2018 - A new study suggests that diabetes-related nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy) may reduce the amount of energy stored by the Achilles tendon during walking. The tendon connects the back of the heel to the calf muscles. This reduction increases the energy required for locomotion (“cost of walking”). The article is published ahead of print in the Journal of Applied Physiology.

Simulated Virtual Patients Improve Students’ Learning Experience

Released February 14, 2018 - Medical students in India are using computer-simulated virtual patients (SVPs) as a learning tool for clinical skills and are becoming more enthusiastic about their studies. SVPs allow students to interact with and perform procedures on pretend patients that are programmed to exhibit symptoms of illness or injury. The article is published in Advances in Physiology Education.

Arm Exercise Improves Walking Ability after Stroke

Released February 6, 2018 - A new study shows that arm exercises may improve walking ability months and even years after having a stroke. The study, the first to test the influence of arm training on post-stroke leg function, is published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurophysiology. It was chosen as an APSselect article for February.

Hunger Overrides Sense of Fullness After Weight Loss

Released February 1, 2018 - The levels of hormones that control hunger and fullness(satiety) both rise after weight loss, but individuals may only experience an increase in hunger, according to a new study. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Individuals with HIV at Higher Risk for Heart Disease

Released January 24, 2018 - A review of more than 80 studies reveals that changes in the immune cells of people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may increase their risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The review is published in the journal Physiology.

Overweight Female Kidney Donors May Be at Risk for Preeclampsia

Female kidney donors who are overweight may be at a higher risk for preeclampsia during pregnancy, according to a new study. The increased risk is due to a reduction in a type of kidney function called renal functional reserve (RFR). The article is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Renal Physiology.

Arsenic-Tainted Drinking Water May Increase Diabetes Risk

Released January 10, 2018 - A new study reports that chronic exposure to arsenic interferes with insulin secretion in the pancreas, which may increase the risk of diabetes. The paper, published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, was chosen as an APSselect article for January.

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