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Physiology is the study of how the body works under normal conditions. We use physiology when we exercise, read, breathe, sleep, eat, move, or do just about anything.

In this section you will learn "what’s new?" in human and animal physiology. Our information comes directly from the new scientific discoveries published in our research journals and presentations made by our members and other scientists at our meetings.

We explain physiology for the non-scientist through:

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Press Releases and Announcements

Animal Physiology: A Looking Glass into Health, Disease and Environmental Adaptation

Released September 24, 2014 - New research, featured symposia and information on plenary sessions and workshops to be presented at the 2014 Comparative Approaches to Grand Challenges in Physiology meeting in San Diego. View the full meeting program at http://ow.ly/BEI2K.

Intense Exercise During Long Space Flights Can Help Astronauts Protect Aerobic Capacity

Released August 29, 2014 - Many astronauts experience a dip in aerobic capacity during long space flights. In an article published in the Journal of Applied Physiology, NASA researchers find that regular, intense in-flight exercise helps preserve cardiovascular stamina. The article is highlighted as part of the APSselect program.

Keep Calm Moms: Maternal Stress during Pregnancy Linked to Asthma Risk in Offspring

Released August 1, 2014 - Harvard researchers find that a single bout of stress during pregnancy can affect allergy and asthma susceptibility in neonates. The article is published in AJP – Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology and was chosen as one of this month’s APSselect articles.

APS Awards $386,000 to Its 2014 Undergraduate Research Fellows

Released July 22, 2014 - The APS is pleased to announce the recipients of its five summer fellowship programs for 2014. Fellows spend an average of 10 weeks in the laboratory of an established scientist and APS member.

Chinese Herbal Extract May Help Kill Off Pancreatic Cancer Cells

Released July 1, 2014 - University of Minnesota researchers find an ancient Chinese herb decreases a protective protein that helps cells survive allowing cell death in pancreatic cancer cells. The article is highlighted as part of the APSselect program.

APS Awards $72,800 to Its 2014 STRIDE Undergraduate Research Fellows

Released June 23, 2014 - APS has selected 14 undergraduate Fellows to spend the summer performing research in the laboratory of an established scientist and APS member. The APS Short-Term Research Education Program to Increase Diversity in Health-Related Research (STRIDE) program provides the opportunity for aspiring scientists with disabilities and those from disadvantaged backgrounds and/or underrepresented racial and ethnic groups to have an exciting research experience and to be immersed in the scientific process.

Stem Cell Therapy May Help Recondition Lungs Previously Rejected for Transplant

Released May 30, 2014 - International team of researchers use stem cells therapy to “recondition” abnormally functioning lungs previously rejected for transplant. Study could have implications for increasing the supply of suitable donor lungs. The article is highlighted as part of the APSselect program.

Prematurity Linked to Altered Lung Function During Exercise, High Blood Pressure in Adults

Released April 29, 2014 - Some preterm babies have lungs that develop abnormally. While long-term health effects of prematurity are still unclear, researchers have found that adults who were born early may have problems handling the pulmonary demands of exercise.

Heat Regulation Dysfunction May Stop MS Patients from Exercising

Released April 29, 2014 - Exercise-induced body temperature increases can make symptoms worse for some patients with multiple sclerosis. Researchers at Southern Methodist explore the underlying causes of the temperature regulation problems so MS patients can better reap the benefits of exercise.

Ready, Set, Hot!: Does Warm Weather Play a Role in Football Concussions?

Released April 28, 2014 - Heat and dehydration can cause a “perfect storm” of risk factors for concussion among competitive football players. University of Windsor researchers looked at the effects of extreme temperature on concussion rates during NCAA football games.

Road to the Fountain of Youth Paved with Fast Food…and Sneakers?

Released April 28, 2014 - Unhealthy lifestyle habits can accelerate the process of senescence (cell death) and the release of damaging substances from dying cells. Researchers at the Mayo Clinic for the first time demonstrate that exercise can prevent or delay this fundamental process of aging.

Nobel Laureate, Leading Experts Speak in APS President’s Symposium Series

Released April 27, 2014 - Highlights from APS President Kim E. Barrett’s special EB symposium series “Multiscale Physiology: Linking Cellular and Molecular Insights to the Health of Organisms and Populations.”

APS Announces 2014 Society Lectureship Award Winners

Released April 26, 2014 - James M. Anderson, MD, PhD; Kazuhiro Nakamura, PhD; and Michael Joyner, MD receive three of the Society’s most prestigious awards.

Fight Memory Loss with a Smile (or Chuckle)

Released April 27, 2014 - The stress hormone cortisol can negatively affect memory and learning ability in the elderly. Researchers at Loma Linda University found that showing a 20-minute funny video to healthy seniors and seniors with diabetes helped them score better on memory tests and significantly reduced their cortisol levels when compared to non-video watchers.

Archive of Teaching Resources Relaunches As Life Sciences Teaching Community

Released April 8, 2014 - New community offers thousands of free resources for life science educators. The Physiological Society, Genetics Society of America, and American Society of Plant Biologists join as scientific society partners.

Race Now or Later? Calculating the Best Time to Compete after Altitude Training

Released April 3, 2014 - In a new review article, researchers explore the ideal time to return to sea level and compete following training at high altitude. The research is one of 15 articles on hypoxia—this month’s highlighted topic in the Journal of Applied Physiology.

A Protein Could Be a Key Weapon in the Battle of the Bulge

Released April 1, 2014 - In a new study, researchers found that elevated levels of GDNF protein could help fight the weight gain and health problems associated with a high-fat diet. The article is published in AJP-Gastro and was chosen as one of April's APSselect articles.

EB Attendees: Save Time for Communication!

2014 APS Communications Symposium: Author and scientist-turned-filmmaker Randy Olson, PhD, will present the interactive session “Storytelling: Mandatory Training for Today’s Scientists.”

Not Only Is She Thinner Than You…Her Muscles Work Better, Too

Released March 20, 2014 - In a new AJP-Endo study, researchers examined how muscle physiology plays into being and staying lean.

Genes May Thwart Seniors’ Exercise Gains

Released March 14, 2014 - A new study in Physiological Genomics examines the ACE I/D gene and how its variations -- the ID, DD, and II genotypes -- cause some seniors' to lose out on the benefits of exercise.

APS Elects New 2014 Officers

Released February 25, 2014 - APS announces its newly-elected officers for 2014. Patricia E. Molina, MD, PhD is the new president-elect. Barbara Alexander, PhD; Rudy M. Ortiz, PhD; and Bill Yates, PhD have been named to the APS Council.

The American Physiological Society Launches APSselect

Released January 31, 2014 - January 2014 marks the beginning of an exciting new initiative for the Society. Our new virtual journal, entitled APSselect, will highlight the “best of the best” of the some 250 papers published each month by the Society’s 10 research journals.

“The Sex of Cells” in the Lab

Released January 2, 2014 - At first glance one might think that a cell lacks features that would reflect its sex or gender. In fact, that is not true. Researchers are now discovering that the sex of experimental subjects—even cells—does matter in research.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Heart Defects May Be Caused by Altered Function, Not Structure

Released December 30, 2013 - Study utilizing using animal model finds fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) heart defects may be caused by altered function, not structure.

For Altitude Training, a Narrow Window for Success

Released December 12, 2013 - In a new study, researchers found that living between 2000 and 2500 meters above sea level offered the best performance enhancement compared to living at higher or lower elevations. These findings could help competitive endurance athletes and their coaches develop altitude training regimens that have the highest chance of success.

Quadriplegics at Risk for Serious Sleep Breathing Disorder

Released December 5, 2013 - New findings suggest that where the spinal cord is injured—in the neck, or lower—can affect the likelihood and type of breathing problems during sleep, including central sleep apnea. Understanding how and why patients’ nighttime breathing is affected could help doctors better manage these conditions.

For Obese Teen Girls, Aerobic Exercise May Trump Resistance Training

Released November 7 2013 - New findings suggest that for teen girls, aerobic exercise might be superior to resistance exercise for cutting health risks associated with obesity. Study published in the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Vitamin C Could Ease Muscle Fatigue in COPD Patients

Released November 7, 2013 - New findings show IV infusions of vitamin C can improve skeletal muscle fatigue in COPD patients, further implicating the role of oxidative stress in the skeletal muscle problems that accompany the disease.

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