Chimpanzee Research

“All NIH-owned chimpanzees that reside outside of the Federal Sanctuary System….are now eligible for retirement,” NIH Director Francis Collins said in a statement released November 18, 2015. The decision was the culmination of a process set in motion in December, 2010 when Collins asked the Institute of Medicine to assess the continued scientific need for chimpanzees in NIH-funded biomedical and behavioral research.

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NIH to End All Chimpanzee Research

November 18, 2015—NIH Director Francis Collins announced a plan to retire all NIH-owned chimpanzees.

Fish & Wildlife Service Designate Captive Chimpanzees as Endangered

On June 16, 2015, the Fish and Wildlife Service (F&WS) published a final rule designating captive chimpanzees as “endangered” under the Endangered Species Act.

NIH Finalizes Chimpanzee Housing Requirements

On April 4, 2014, NIH published a notice finalizing housing requirements for chimpanzees the agency owns or supports.

Chimpanzee Update

There have been several developments in recent months concerning chimpanzees as research subjects, including funding for chimps in sanctuaries, the Fish & Wildlife Service decision, and recent court cases pushing for chimpanzee personhood.

APS Asks Wildlife Service to Continue Chimpanzee Research

Biomedical research with captive chimpanzees should be allowed to continue, the American Physiological Society said in comments to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. This was the central tenet of the APS response to a proposal that would classify captive chimpanzees as endangered under the Endangered Species Act.

NIH Finalizes New Chimpanzee Rules

On June 26, 2013, NIH Director Francis Collins announced that the agency had accepted nearly all the recommendations of a Working Group on NIH implementation of an IOM report on chimpanzees in biomedical and behavioral research.

APS Urges NIH to Revisit Chimpanzee Recommendations

The APS supports NIH’s efforts to utilize a science-based approach to resolve issues related to future research and care of chimpanzees, President Dr. Susan M. Barman said in a letter to Dr. James Anderson, Director of the Division of Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives. Nevertheless, the APS concluded that the report was “deeply flawed.”

Senator Wyden Notes Chimpanzee Research Needs

A last-minute push to bring the Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act (GAPCSA) to the Senate floor during the lame duck session hit a roadblock when Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) announced that he had placed a “hold” on the bill.

Senate Panel Endorses Chimp Research Ban

The U.S. Senate Environment and Public Works Committee has endorsed to the Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act of 2011 (S. 810). This bill would eliminate virtually all biomedical and much behavioral research involving chimpanzees, the only great ape species utilized in health research.

Letter to Sen. Boxer Opposing the Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act

This legislation will not save money; it contradicts the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine; and it would end research to benefit human and animal health. (PDF)

Research Chimpanzee Colony is Valuable Resource

Chimpanzees in biomedical research colonies are “responsibly managed, well-regulated, and offer a resource of international value that benefits the health of humans and supports wild ape conservation efforts,” the APS told the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS).

IOM Offers More Guidelines for Chimpanzee Research

On December 15, 2011, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released its long-awaited report, “Assessing the Necessity of Chimpanzees in Biomedical and Behavioral Research.” Following a briefing where the key findings were presented, NIH Director Francis Collins announced that NIH accepted the report and would begin implementing its recommendations.

Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act

The Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act (H.R. 1513) would ban virtually all research with chimpanzees, thus ending ongoing research into vaccines for Hepatitis C in humans as well as vaccines to protect apes in the wild from diseases such as Ebola.

Letter to Rep. Bartlett Opposing Ban of Great Ape Research

The Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act is based on false assertions about the treatment of chimpanzees in research, fails to take into account scientific needs for chimpanzee studies of human and animal diseases, and cannot substantiate its claims of cost-saving. (PDF)

NIH Data on Costs for Maintaining Humane Care and Welfare of Chimpanzees

The cost per day of maintaining a chimp at the Chimp Haven Sanctuary for animals no longer needed in research is equivalent to or higher than the average cost of maintaining them in government research facilities.

Critical Contributions to Medicine Made by Chimpanzee Research

An outline of the vital role played by chimpanzees in biomedical research, collected by National Association for Biomedical Research. (PDF)

NCRR Chimpanzees Management Program

The research resource center for the National Institutes of Health discusses its chimpanzee management program.

AAAS Statement on GAPA

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) issued a statement from its Board of Directors epressing opposition to the Great Ape Protection Act. (PDF)

AVMA on Great Ape Protection Act

The American Veterinary Medical Association explains its opposition to the Great Ape Protection Act.

Group Letter Opposing GAPA

A letter signed by 30 scientific societies, including APS, expressing concerns about the Great Ape Protection Act (GAPA). (PDF)

Joint Letter Opposing the Great Ape Protection Act

A letter signed by 16 scientific societies expressing their opposition to the Great Ape Protection Act to members of Congress.

IOM Report On Hepatitis Provides Support For Opposition To GAPA

FASEB offers analysis of the Institute of Medicine report on hepatitis research and why chimpanzee research remains critical to public health. (PDF)

Radio Story Examining Chimpanzee Research

FASEB President Bill Talman discusses the value of chimpanzee research on South California Public Radio.