Biomedical research offers the promise of improved health for humans and animals and insights into ecological
and environmental challenges. People are eager for the benefits of research, but they may be confused and frustrated
by contradictory findings and a lack of definitive answers. Scientists have a responsibility to give their fellow
citizens insight into how the process of scientific discovery works. They also need to make the case for why biomedical
research is a good investment of tax dollars.
- Give insight into the scientific process
To build public support for science, researchers must be able to discuss their work in a way that is meaningful
to people who don’t have a technical background. Scientists are trained to present their work in professional settings
where there is a high level of shared knowledge. In those settings, scientists try to establish their expertise,
demonstrate the validity of their methodology, and show how their work is advancing the field. Encounters with non-scientists
are different. In these settings, your objective is to increase appreciation of research for people who may have little
more background than high school biology.
- Simplify your language
When speaking with non-scientists, you have to adjust your language. Start by getting rid of jargon and replacing
terminology such as “hypertension” with terms such as “high blood pressure.” Technical terms permit precision and brevity
between colleagues, but using such terms can make it difficult for non-scientists to follow what you are saying.
- Get rid of extraneous details
Details are essential to scientific discourse, but a broad brush stroke approach works much better with those outside your field.
By reducing the level of detail, it is easier for non-specialists to see the big picture.
- Connect your work to the real world
If you are studying a disease-related phenomenon, you can explain the disease’s impact on patients and how answers to the scientific
questions you are asking would help them. The task is more challenging when you are studying a basic physiological problem or
how an animal adapts to its environment, but it can be done.
- Be engaging
Even more than what you say, people will remember how you came across: Were you friendly? Did you talk to them rather
than at them? Engage in a conversation rather than giving a lecture. In addition, speak in a personal way about your
work, although of course you should also acknowledge that you are part of a scientific team.
- Expect the unexpected
Your objective is to build good will by providing a glimpse of how research works, but conversations may go in unexpected
directions. Don’t be concerned if you can’t complete your explanation. Also, if you don’t know the answer to a question,
say so. Avoid speculating outside your area of expertise because you might end up giving out wrong information.
- Practice makes perfect
Practice a simplified explanation of your work with family and friends, and then ask for feedback about which
information is essential and how best to convey it.