Stanley G. Schultz
Stanley G. Schultz, M.D., is former dean (2002-2006) of The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Associate Dean for Institutional Advancement (2006-2010) and professor in the Departments of Integrative Biology and Pharmacology, and Internal Medicine. He retired from full-time status with the title of Emeritus Professor of Integrative Biology and Pharmacology on August 31, 2010.
A faculty member at the UT Medical School since 1979, Dr. Schultz is the former chairman of the Department of Physiology and Cell Biology (1979 – 1995). He is widely recognized as both an outstanding scientist and educator who has made numerous pioneering contributions to our understanding of epithelial ion transport. His early work demonstrated, for the first time, sodium-coupled sugar and amino acid absorption by the small intestine. These and subsequent findings established the “sodium-gradient” hypothesis, and provided the rationale for the later development of oral rehydration therapy. He was also one of the first to recognize the roles of paracellular pathways in epithelia and suggested, with colleagues, a cellular model for chloride secretion by epithelial cells that is now universally accepted.
A native of New York City, he graduated from Stuyvesant HS in 1949, received his baccalaureate (B.A.), summa cum laude, from Columbia University in 1952, and his medical degree (M.D.) from New York University College of Medicine in 1956 (AOA). After serving an internship and residency in internal medicine, at Belleview Hospital, he became a fellow in cardiology and developed an interest in electrocardiography. This interest prompted him to learn more about membrane biophysics and led him to join the Biophysical Laboratories of the Harvard Medical School in 1959.
In 1962, he was inducted into the Air Force as a Captain in the Medical Corps and was stationed at the Brooks Aerospace School of Medicine in San Antonio, Texas, where he taught radiation biology, monitored research contracts, and conducted research regarding the biological effects of radiation. This work led to his lifelong research interest in intestinal absorption.
Returning to Harvard as an Established Investigator of the American Heart Association in 1964, he was recruited within three years to join the Department of Physiology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine as an associate professor and was promoted to the rank of professor in 1970. In 1976 he was an Overseas Fellow at Churchill College, Cambridge University, England, and a Visiting Professor at the Physiological Laboratories of that institution. He has also served as a visiting scientist at the University of Vienna.
Since his arrival at The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, he has been recognized continually for his research, administrative leadership, and popularity among the students and faculty for his teaching abilities. In 1999, he received the President’s Scholar Award from the UT Health Science Center at Houston for his many teaching accomplishments.
He is author or coauthor of close to 200 published papers, and the author, coauthor or editor of 14 books.
A member of the American Physiological Society for the past four decades, Dr. Schultz served as President of that society from 1992-1993. He has also served as President of the Association of Chairmen of Departments of Physiology, Chairman of the U.S. National Committee of the International Union of Physiological Sciences, and on the Executive Committee of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.
Among his many editorial roles for professional journals in his field, he has served as editor-in-chief of the American Journal of Physiology and the Journal of Applied Physiology (sections on gastrointestinal physiology), Physiological Reviews, the five-volume Handbook of Gastrointestinal Physiology and News in Physiological Sciences.
He is the recipient of many awards including the 1978 Hoffman-LaRoche Prize for Outstanding Contributions to Gastrointestinal Physiology as well as the 1999 Arthur C. Guyton Award, the 1999 Orr Reynolds Award and the 2003 Daggs Award from the American Physiological Society; the latter is the most prestigious award given by that society in recognition of life-time contributions to physiology and the society. In 2003, he was honored with the Solomon A. Berson Alumni Achievement Award for contributions to clinical science by the New York University College of Medicine. He was elected to membership of the Association of American Physicians in 1981, and in 2004 Dr. Schultz was elected into membership of the European Academy of Sciences. On January 31, 2007, he received the 2006 Prince Mahidol Award in Medicine from the King of Thailand in Bangkok in recognition of his work that established the scientific foundation of oral rehydration therapy (ORT); ORT has been credited with saving over 50 million lives of patients suffering from dehydration due to diarrheal diseases during the past four decades. In September 2007, he received the “Seeds of Hope” award from RESULTS for his contributions benefiting child health. He has received numerous awards from students in recognition of his teaching ability.