Charles M. Tipton
Charles M. Tipton (Tip) was born in Evanston, Illinois in 1927. Subsequently, his family moved to rural Maryland located half-way between Washington D.C. and Leesburg, Virginia. In 1945 he enlisted in the Army and was selected to be a physical training instructor for stateside basic trainees and for members of an infantry company in Japan. He received a B.S. degree in Physical Education from Springfield College in 1952 and an M.S. degree in the same discipline a year later from the University of Illinois with Professor Thomas K. Cureton as his advisor. After two years of teaching general science, biology, physical education and coaching four varsity sports in the high schools of Illinois, he accepted an Assistantship in Health Education to supervise the exercise therapy for disabled students at the University of Illinois in Urbana with Professor Howard Hoyman as his Ph.D. advisor. Physiology was selected to be his minor.
With endorsement from Professor Hoyman, he included pre-medicine science requirements in his graduate courses with summer employment as a physical fitness specialists for the Illinois 4-H Program directed by Professor Darl M. Hall of the College of Agriculture Extension Service. In this role, he conducted fitness tests, explained results to members and parents, analyzed field results,developed norms, wrote sections in manuals for 4-H members, and became convinced that physiology was his scientific passion. Consequently, he transferred to the Department of Physiology and Biophysics and selected Professor Frederick R. Steggedra to be his advisor. Tipton’s dissertation was on the mechanisms of the bradycardia of training in rodents as it pertained to the influences from the diencephalon and to efferent activity from the vagus nerve as evaluated by vagal sectioning and electrolytic lesions. He found that regardless of the interventions, the bradycardia of training was present in the trained animals. Besides Professor Steggedra, Tipton was pleased that Professors Garth Thomas and Robert E. Johnson had served on his Ph.D. Thesis Committee.