June 4, 1933, El Paso, Texas
Aubrey Elmo Taylor was born in El Paso and grew up in Bryson, Texas, Ventura and Oxnard, California, and Fort Worth, where he was graduated from Paschal High School, a school popularized by novelist Dan Jenkins. After a hitch in the US Army and brief employment with the meat processor Swift & Company, Taylor enrolled at Texas Christian University where in 1960 he received a baccalaureate degree with a double major of mathematics and psychology.
Taylor enrolled in the graduate program at Arthur C. Gutyon's physiology department at the University of Mississippi Medical School, where in 1966 he earned his PhD. His postdoctoral research was in membrane transport and nonequilibrium thermodynamics at A.K. Solomon's Biophysical Laboratory at Harvard University under the Guidance of Peter Curran, Ernie Wright, and Stanley Schultz.
In 1967 he returned to Mississippi as an associate professor of physiology and was appointed professor of physiology and anesthesiology in 1973. It was here that he started encouraging young clinicians to use his laboratory to train in basic research, a tradition that he has continued.
While at Mississippi Taylor developed an interest in both medical and graduate education and served on the medical school admissions board for 10 years and as director of the physiology department's graduate school program. He also taught undergraduate mathematics at the University's extension center in Jackson. In 1977 Taylor moved to his current position as chair of the physiology department at the University of South Alabama.
Taylor's research spans several areas of cardiopulmonary physiology, beginning with his first concerns with the stability of the cerebral ischemic reflex involving control theory approaches, such as Bodie and Nyquist plots, to his more recent studies conducted on the mechanisms of capillary transport of solutes and water in the microcirculation of lung, gastrointestinal tract, skeletal muscle, and subcutaneous tissue. His studies also have focused on oxygen radical involvement in various forms of lung and brain pathology and how the lung's vascular resistance changes in various forms of pulmonary vascular disease.