Arthur L. DeVries
Art DeVries grew up near the Rocky Mountains in Montana. He graduated from the University of Montana with honors in zoology in 1960. Following a year research position with Stanford University to conduct research on respiratory metabolism on Antarctic notothenioid fishes at McMurdo Sound he enrolled in graduate school at Stanford. He spent 14 months which included a winter in 1962 and returned twice conducting thesis research on freezing avoidance of Antarctic fishes inhabiting the ice laden water. The research culminated in discovery of the so called antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs). Following completion of his PhD (1968) the physical characterization of the antifreeze glycoproteins was completed while on an NIH postdoctoral fellowship at U California, Davis. As a Scripps Institution of Oceanography research physiologist from 1971 to 1976 with 5 trips to McMurdo Sound supported by NSF the AFGPs were further characterized and it unique separation between the melting point and freezing temperature was described and published in Science. The mechanism of antifreeze activity was described during this period as an adsorption/inhibition process involving the Kelvin effect which is the accepted explanation of the mechanism of action. As a physiology professor beginning in 1976 at the University of Illinois, the physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology of freezing avoidance was further investigated during numerous field trips to Antarctica, Greenland and the high Arctic. He retired in 2011 and is now Professor Emeritus in the Department of Animal Biology but is still active in field and laboratory research with his most recent field trip to McMurdo Sound in Nov 2014.