The APS Living History of Physiology Project, which has been in existence since 2005, has provided us with an opportunity to learn from the collective wisdom of nearly 100 senior APS members. They have provided us with insights into their careers as well as advice for our own. Additional video interviews will be posted in the coming months and years. Are there colleagues who you think should be interviewed for the Living History of Physiology Project? If so, please contact Martin Frank, APS Executive Director, at firstname.lastname@example.org or 301-634-7118, to make arrangements for an interview.
François M. Abboud, M.D. joined the faculty of the University of Iowa in 1960 and was appointed Director of the Division of Cardiovascular Diseases in 1970. Since 1974, he has been the Founding and sole Director of the University
Dr Alpers is a product of a family environment in which academics was the family business. His father was Professor of Neurology at Jefferson Medical College, his mother a Professor of Internal Medicine at Women’s Medical College in
As soon as I started to work in a research laboratory, I became passionate and could no longer think of another job. My mentor (the well-known nephrologist Jean-Pierre Grünfeld in Paris) introduced me to kidney physiology and antidiuretic
James B. Bassingthwaighte is a Professor of Bioengineering and Radiology at the University of Washington. He is an active teacher and researcher focused on bioengineering and quantitative and
The broad objective of my research over the years, has been to identify and analyze how the nervous system controls muscle activity in the intact behaving animal including human subjects. Much of my experimental work
Born and raised in Portland Oregon, Dr. Roland Blantz left to attend Johns Hopkins University where he received his A.B. and M.D. degrees. After completing internal medicine training at the University of Colorado Medical Center, Denver and a
Clark Blatteis, professor of physiology at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, is interviewed in this segment of “Living History of Physiology” by APS Executive Director Dr. Martin Frank. Dr. Blatteis has an outstanding
Mordecai Blaustein, a professor of physiology and medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, grew up in Brooklyn, NY. He received his first chemistry set at an early age and, as a result, became enamored with the idea
Judith S. Bond
Judith S Bond, PhD, is an Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at Penn State College of Medicine, and an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine in Chapel Hill.
Claude Bouchard is Professor and Director of the Human Genomics Laboratory at Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He holds the John W. Barton Sr. Endowed Chair in Genetics and Nutrition. He has a Ph.D. from the University of Texas
After graduating from Brown University summa cum laude in 1953, Bray entered Harvard Medical School graduating magna cum laude in 1957. His post-doctoral training included an internship at The Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, MD fellowship at the NIH, the University of Rochester, the National
Dr. Bronner has had a career of more than 50 years working on the physiology of calcium and bone metabolism, as well as nutrition. He officially retired in 1989, but he is still active in research, writing and editing, and organizing talks and
Dr. Burg has had a career that spans nearly 50 years, as he has been a leader in the field of renal physiology. He is known for his development of critical technology that has led to new pathways of discovering physiological principles
Throughout his career, Buskirk did research in many different areas of applied physiology and human nutrition including a brief period in which he studied the physiological effects of high altitude on athletes.
Oscar A. Candia
I am a Professor of Ophthalmology and Professor of Physiology here at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York where I have been since 1968. I am also Vice-chairman and Director of Research in the Department of Ophthalmology.
Shu Chien was installed as the 63th President of the American Physiological Society at the close of the Society's spring meeting in Washington, DC. Chien, a professor of bioengineering and medicine at the University of California,
Parimal "Perry" Chowdhury
Parimal Chowdhury, Ph.D. is a Professor of Physiology & Biophysics and Associate Professor of Pharmacology & Toxicology at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), Little Rock, Arkansas. He holds a joint appointment as Adjunct
I was born in Denmark in 1939. My grandfather was a pharmacist and another member of my family a well-known fine art painter. I did well in school and was admitted to a boarding school to obtain the general certificate of education.
Jerry Clayton Collins received the Bachelor of Engineering degree from Vanderbilt University in 1962, the Master of Science degree from Purdue University in 1965, and the Ph.D. from Duke University in 1970, all in electrical engineering.
Helen Cooke was born in Greenfield, Massachusetts in 1943. She received a B.S. degree from the University Massachusetts in 1965 and an M.S. from U.C.L.A. in 1967. Shortly thereafter, she moved to Australia and obtained a
Robert Kellogg Crane
As a rock-ribbed, dyed in the wool biochemist I was surprised, pleased and felt greatly honored to be included in the Living History program together with such a distinguished group of physiologists.
Julio C. Cruz
In 1959, as a medical student, I had the opportunity to work with Dr. Dante Peñaloza, head of the Department of Cardiology; there is where I learned how to perform right heart catheterizations, marking the beginning of my passion
William H. Dantzler was born in 1935 in Mt. Holly, New Jersey. In 1940, his family moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin where he received his grade school and high school education. He earned his A.B. at Princeton University
Adolfo J. de Bold
I was born in Paraná, Argentina. I undertook my university training at the Faculty of Chemical Sciences at the National University of Córdoba obtaining a professional degree in Clinical Biochemistry in 1968 after residence training in
Arthur L. DeVries
Art DeVries grew up near the Rocky Mountains in Montana. He graduated from the University of Montana with honors in zoology in 1960. Following a year research position with Stanford University to conduct research on respiratory metabolism on Antarctic notothenioid fishes at McMurdo Sound he enrolled in
I was born in Barcelona, Venezuela, on April 11, 1941. I met my wife Nedda Josefina Leon,when working in the Central Hospital of the Joint Force
Army Venezuela and we married the next year (1964).
Jerome A. Dempsey
I received most of my education in Canada, finishing at the University of Wisconsin (UW)-Madison medical school, where I have remained throughout my academic career. The research in our laboratory centered on the broad field
After obtaining MS degree at the University of Pennsylvania and PhD degree at the University of Pittsburgh, as well as serving as Assistant Professor at the St. Louis University for 2 years, he joined the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg
Dr. DiBona received his undergraduate education (BA degree) at Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts and his medical education (MD cum laude degree) at Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.
H. Fred Downey
H. Fred Downey received the Ph.D. Degree in Biophysics from the University of Illinois in 1968. He served as Assistant Professor of Physiology at University of Illinois; Assistant and Associate Professor of Physiology at University of Texas
I was born in the German speaking region of Czechoslovakia near Karlovy Vary, in the year 1915. I studied medicine at the Charles University in Prague. I had a leading position in the student movement against fascism and war.
I have been interested in how physical things work as long as I can remember, and in how living things work nearly as long, from the day my father (a physician and then psychiatrist) showed me that was the best way to mold my interests to his approval.
John Faulkner's research focuses on the contractile properties of whole skeletal muscles, motor units, and single skeletal muscle fibers from mice and rats and single fibers from muscle biopsies of humans. In particular, he and his
Eric Feigl was born in Iowa City, Iowa and grew up in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He is the son of a famous logical positivist philosopher of science, Herbert Feigl of the Vienna Circle. Eric graduated from the University of Minnesota
At the outset it is in my view critical to say that I have been educated considerably beyond my talents. Yet I’m finding my ignorance in many areas to be profound and extensive. My first academic degree is a Litt.B. from Xavier University
G. Edgar Folk Jr.
G. Edgar Folk, Professor Emeritus of Molecular Physiology at the University of Iowa, is interviewed in July 2007 in this segment of “Living History of Physiology” by Charles Wunder, also a Professor Emeritus at the University of Iowa.
Hubert V. Forster
I grew up on a farm in northwest Wisconsin graduating from high school in 1958. My undergraduate degree was from the University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire (1962) where I majored in history and physical education. After teaching and coaching for a year at a small high school in northwest Wisconsin, I attended
Robert E. Forster
Robert Elder Forster II was born in St. David's Pennsylvania, and has lived in that neighborhood for most of his life. He graduated from Radnor High School in Wayne in 1937 and with his family took up residence again in that area
I was born in Chicago, Illinois and grew up with the natural curiosity of youth, exploring the world around me. That led me to science and the associated science projects and science fairs that one pursues while growing up. For me, that
Gerhard Giebisch, M.D., is Sterling Professor Emeritus of Cellular and Molecular Physiology at the Yale University School of Medicine. He was born and raised in Vienna, Austria, where he attended elementary and high school and
H. Maurice Goodman
I decided on a career in biology back in pre-high school days. My interest in physiology was piqued by Professor Gjerding Olson during my undergraduate years at Brandeis. Olson, who had been a student of Professor Frederic Hisaw at Harvard, guided
Malcolm Gordon was born in Brooklyn, New York City, November 13, 1933. Growing up he and his family lived in several places in Brooklyn, northern New Jersey and Los Angeles, CA. He earned his undergraduate degree in zoology from
Jared J. Grantham
Jared James Grantham was born on May 19, 1936 in Dodge City, Kansas, the first child of Jimmie H., a restaurant server and Ista I. Grantham, a beautician. When Grantham was 4 years old the family moved to Pratt, Kansas where his father
John E. Greenleaf
Dr. Greenleaf established and directed the Laboratory for Human Environmental Physiology in the Life Sciences Division at the research center. Over his 40-year career, he has had 181 published research articles, 127 abstracts, 23 book
Dr. Hansel currently leads a group of scientists at the Pennington Center and on the LSU Campus that is developing a new method for treating prostate, breast, testes, and ovarian cancers based on targeting lytic peptides to gonadotropin
Alan R. Hargens
Alan R. Hargens, Ph.D. is Professor and Director of the Orthopaedic Clinical Physiology Lab at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD). He previously served as Chief of the Space Physiology Branch and Space Station Project Scientist at NASA
I began schooling in Greenwich Connecticut, where I was born, then moved with my family to San Diego, attended the excellent public schools there, and earned a BSc degree in biology from San Diego State College in ‘63.
Lois Jane Heller
Lois Jane Heller (nee Skagerberg) was born in Detroit Michigan in 1942. Her academic degrees include a BA from Albion College (1964), and MS in Physiology from University of Michigan (1966, advisor David Bohr). She and her husband,
Leonard "Jim" Jefferson
Following completion of medical school preclinical years and thesis research for a Ph.D. degree at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Dr. Leonard S. (Jim) Jefferson received postdoctoral training at Cambridge University before being recruited to
Leonard R. Johnson
My graduate studies included a research rotation in the laboratory of Dr. Horace W. Davenport, chairman of the department with an imposing 6’8” statue and a photographic memory and widely considered brilliant but not easy going. Other students avoided his
Paul C. Johnson
Paul C. Johnson has been a member of the American Physiological Society since 1959. At the time of the Living History interview, Johnson was Professor Emeritus, University of Arizona, Department of Physiology and Adjunct Professor
To call Gabe Kaley an elder statesman would probably insult him, but only the elder part. Vigorous and energetic, he treats his age as irrelevant: “In the last five years, I have been more productive and have published more papers than
Abba J. Kastin was born in Ohio and educated at Harvard College and Harvard Medical School. After starting his work on neuropeptides as a Clinical Associate at NIH, he went to Louisiana where he now holds an endowed
Arnold M. Katz
Dr. Katz was born in Chicago on July 30, 1932. His mother, a graduate of the Cleveland Conservatory of Music, was a piano teacher. Louis N. Katz, his father, was an internationally renowned cardiologist and basic science investigator who
Franklyn G. Knox was born in Rochester, New York, and completed all his professional education at the now State University of New York at Buffalo. He received the B.S. degree in 1959 and the M.D. and Ph.D. degrees in 1965. The last
I was born in Kobe, Japan in 1924 as the youngest of 6 children. Around that time in Japan, girls were educated differently from boys. Having received completely segregated education for girls beginning from my grade school, I entered Tokyo Women’s
Joan E. Lafuze
Joan Esterline Lafuze has been a member of the American Physiological Society since she was a graduate student in the 1970’s. At the time of the Living History Interview, Lafuze was a Professor of Biology at Indiana University East,
Peter K. Lauf
Peter K Lauf, received his M.D. degree at the University of Freiburg/Germany in 1959 under the mentorship of the neurophysiologist Paul Hoffmann and the pharmacologist Karl Fleckenstein. He was fellow at the Institute of Pathology
Dr. Leonard was a pioneer in the fields of endocrinology and reproductive physiology. His research focused on hormones of the pituitary gland and thyroid gland, the regulation of the mammary gland, and anywhere else hormones are
Maria C. Linder
Dr. Maria C. Linder is Professor of Biochemistry in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at California State University Fullerton, and Director of the university’s Howard Hughes Medical Institute-supported Research Scholars Program. She received her BA degree in Chemistry from Vassar College, PhD
Professor A. D. C. (Tony) Macknight graduated MBChB from the University of Otago in 1963. After a year as a House Surgeon, he returned to the Otago Department of Physiology where he completed a PhD in 1968 and an MD in 1969.
Virendra B. Mahesh
Virendra B. Mahesh is Regents Professor and Chairman Emeritus, Department of Physiology and Endocrinology at the Medical College of Georgia (now Georgia Regents University). He received his Ph.D. degree in 1955
Dr. Malvin has been a member of the American Physiological Society since 1960, and a faculty member at the University of Michigan since 1956. He has had a very illustrious research career, and he is probably best known for his
Donald W. Michielli
Donald W. Michielli received his BS degree in Physical Education from Springfield College and continued on to Ohio State University to earn a Ph.D. in Exercise Physiology in 1965. Prior to entering graduate school Michielli served in Korea
Adrian Morrison is Professor Emeritus of Behavioral Neuroscience at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. He has also served as Director of the Program for Animal Research Issues at the Alcohol,
L. Gabriel Navar
Originally from El Paso, Texas and a graduate of Texas A&M University, Luis Gabriel Navar “Gabby” received his Ph.D. in 1966 from the University of Mississippi under the direction of Dr. Arthur Guyton. He served on the faculties of the
Hiroko was born in 1937 in Tokyo, Japan, and grew up in Niigata City, an old city at the Japanese seaside, during World War II. She received the M.D. degree in 1961 from Tokyo Medical and Dental University and the Degree of Medical Science in 1968 from the University of Tokyo. She joined the Department of Pharmacology
Charles Rawlinson Park
Charles Rawlinson Park, better known as Rollo by his many friends and associates, was born in Baltimore, Maryland on March 2, 1916. His father, Edwards A. Park, was on the staff of Johns Hopkins Medical School and later became
Robert W. Phillips
Robert W. Phillips (Bob) was born in Peoria, Illinois, in 1929. He was an unmotivated student and after an unremarkable education through high school in Peoria he spent several lackadaisical years at Bradley and Kansas State
Johnny R. Porter
I grew up as a child in Union Parish, a very economically deprived parish in North Central Louisiana. My father, John T. Porter, was a farmer until I was seven years old. My Dad only had a high school education. My mother, Betty Porter, was a housewife and helper with the crops until we moved a short distance
Ananda S. Prasad was born in Buxar, a small town in the state of Bihar, India. After graduation from high school, he joined Patna Science College, Patna University where he was top student in chemistry and received B.Sc degree
Paul M. Quinton
The most prevalent force in shaping my career has been the genetic disease, Cystic Fibrosis (CF). As a sophomore at the University of Texas, Austin, in the process reading about bronchiectasis I found that my respiratory problems and other symptoms coincided well with the description of CF.
Dr. Krishnamurthy Ramaswamy, Ph.D. was born in a small town in the southern part of India, as the son of a high school history teacher and a homemaker. He lost his parents before the age of nine, and his oldest sister and brother-in-law took him into their family and helped him with his
Patangi K. Rangachari
I was lucky that I grew up in India, a statement that may raise serious concerns about my sanity but is nevertheless true. I did not suffer summer camps, obligatory sports clubs, or orchestrated social activities. There was a delightful sense of freedom.
Peter B. Raven was born and raised in London, England and immigrated to the United States in 1965 to study at the University of Oregon. He graduated with a Ph.D. in the Scientific Basis of Physical Education in 1969 and joined
Lawrence W. Raymond
Dr. Raymond’s interest in medicine and physiology arose in strange surroundings: the confined spaces of Esso’s oil refinery pressure vessels in which welders labor to upgrade process efficiency and enhance the Bottom Line. He and his industrial hygiene partners were loaned a 110-foot distillation column to
David Robertshaw was born in the UK and obtained his veterinary and PhD degrees from Glasgow University in Scotland. He was then recruited to Kenya on three different assignments the last being as the inaugural professor of veterinary physiology at the new University of Nairobi. He then became
Loring (Larry) Rowell was born in Lynn, Massachusetts on January 27, 1930. He graduated from high school in 1948 and entered the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts in 1948 as a major in Science and Biology.
Dr. Rubio has been a professor at UASLP for 13 years. His undergraduate work was done in Mexico City and only influenced by Dr. Arturo Rosenblueth and Walter B. Cannon, for whom he was a lab technician working on
Dr. Brenda Russell is Professor Emerita of Physiology and Biophysics, and formerly Professor of Bioengineering and Medicine at the University of Illinois at Chicago. She has ongoing NIH funding and an active research
James A. Schafer
Schafer is a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Cell, Developmental, and Integrative Biology (formerly the Department of Physiology and Biophysics) at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and
Bodil Schmidt-Nielsen brought to the presidency of APS traditions different from those of her recent predecessors. Of the eleven presidents beginning with Pappenheimer (1964-65), seven of them received a major part of their education or
Stanley G. Schultz
A native of New York City, he graduated from Stuyvesant HS in 1949, received his baccalaureate (B.A.), summa cum laude, from Columbia University in 1952, and his medical degree (M.D.) from New York University College of Medicine
John Wendell Severinghaus was born in Madison, Wisconsin on May 6, 1922, under chloroform anesthesia requiring version from a transverse lie and foot first extraction. His Mother’s obstetrician suspected the baby was brain damaged,
Thomas H. Shaffer
As the Director of the Center for Pediatric Research, for the last decade I have served as the PD/PI of the Center, which is supported by the NIH NIGMS COBRE program and have been responsible for administering its staff, revenues and research. In addition, I am also the Director of the Center for Pediatric
Marion J. Siegman was born in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of C. Joseph and Helen Siegman. Her Father was a physician, a graduate of the University of Vienna. Her parents and brother Felix emigrated to the United States in 1927.
R. John Solaro
John Solaro was born in the small town of Wadsworth outside of Cleveland, OH, where his parents, grandparents, aunts, and uncles lived. His father and grand-parents emigrated from Sicily and John’s mother was born in Cleveland.
Novera Herbert Spector
Herb Spector writes: “In my ninety-first year, I am looking more forward than backward. If our species survives another 30 years, we will look back in horror at the barbaric practices of today in clinical medicine, just as we look back in horror
I was born in a small village in the Northern Italy where my father was a country doctor. In 1939 he was accused of disloyalty to fascism, condemned to jail and in 1940 confined to a small village in the south of Italy
Douglas G. Stuart
Douglas G. Stuart is a retired professor at the University of Arizona and still an active researcher. He trained first in Physical Education (Sydney Teachers' College, Australia, 1948-50,D.P.E. & Michigan State University,
Ken Swan is Professor.of Surgery at New Jersey Medical School in Newark. He was born in Scarsdale, New York and graduated from its high school. He attended Harvard College, where he majored in History and Science and graduated
I was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and attended Duquesne University where I received my B.S. degree in 1962. My interest in human biology and in particular in physiology was ignited by Dr. Julius Greenstein who taught a course in
William T. Talman
William T. Talman is Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience at the University of Iowa. After receiving a BA from the Virginia Military Institute and an M.D. from the University of Virginia, he did residency in Internal Medicine at Case
Anna Newman Taylor
Three of my grandparents and parents were Viennese. My maternal grandfather came to Vienna from Poland in 1900. I and my brother were also born in Vienna Austria. Both grandmothers had dress salons. Prior to World War I, at the turn of the 20th century, my maternal grandmother, Juliette Beck, was the
Aubrey Elmo Taylor was born in El Paso and grew up in Bryson, Texas, Ventura and Oxnard, California, and Fort Worth, where he was graduated from Paschal High School, a school popularized by novelist Dan Jenkins. After a hitch
Charles M. Tipton
Charles M. Tipton (Tip) was born in Evanston, Illinois in 1927. Subsequently, his family moved to rural Maryland located half-way between Washington D.C. and Leesburg, Virginia. In 1945 he enlisted in the Army and was selected to be a
Paul M.G. Vanhoutte
Dr. Paul M. Vanhoutte was born in 1940 in Belgium, where he obtained his degrees at the University of Gent (B.S., M.S., and M.D.) and the University of Antwerpen (equivalent to Ph.D.). He received his postdoctoral training at the
Mario Vassalle was born in Viareggio, a lovely seaside resort on the Tyrrhenian coast of Tuscany, not far from Pisa, Lucca and Florence, where the golden sand and the azure of the sea is crowned by the majesty of the nearby
Vatner's research aims are directed at expanding the knowledge of mechanisms of cardiovascular control in normal and disease states; these discoveries have led to innovative new approaches to the treatment of heart
Wiltz Wagner, Professor of Pharmacology at the University Of South Alabama School Of Medicine, is interviewed in this segment of the “Living History of Physiology” by Dr. Troy Stevens, Chairman of the Physiology Department also
Karlman Wasserman was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1927 and graduated from high School in Passaic, New Jersey in June 1944. World War II was still quite active, allied troops just having landed in Normandy in their European
John B. West
John West was born in Adelaide, Australia in 1928. He had the good fortune to attend an excellent high school and developed a love of science, particularly high energy physics. He considered this for a career but as was the custom
Charles H. Williams
I was born on 21 January 1935 at home on the family farm (80 acres) in Ozark Township, Barry County, MO. I am the 9th child in a family of 13 children. Two died as infants so there were 11 living siblings. The farm was part of land
Jackie D. Wood
Jackie D. Wood is a professor in the Department of Physiology and Cell Biology and in the Department of Internal Medicine in the Ohio State University College of Medicine. He received his doctorate in 1969 from the Department of Physiology
F. Eugene Yates
Having enjoyed autobiographical reports from the many very durable scientists you have been publishing in The Physiologist, I am delighted to get my turn, after I celebrated my 80th birthday last week. Your invitation and questions