Living History of Physiology

livinghistory_icon.jpgThe APS Living History of Physiology Project, which has been in existence since 2005, has provided us with an opportunity to learn from the collective wisdom of over 100 senior APS members. They have provided us with insights into their careers as well as advice for our own. 

François Abboud

François M. Abboud, M.D. joined the faculty of the University of Iowa in 1960 and was appointed Director of the Division of Cardiovascular Diseases in 1970. Since 1974, he has been the Founding and sole Director of the University
David Alpers

Dr Alpers is a product of a family environment in which academics was the family business. His father was Professor of Neurology at Jefferson Medical College, his mother a Professor of Internal Medicine at Women’s Medical College in
Kenneth M. Baldwin

Since joining the Dept of Physiology and Biophysics at UCI my research has focused on the general theme of plasticity of striated muscle. Over the years, our research group has developed several approaches to manipulate the structure and function of cardiac and Skeletal muscle in the in vivo setting using the
Lise Bankir

As soon as I started to work in a research laboratory, I became passionate and could no longer think of another job. My mentor (the well-known nephrologist Jean-Pierre Grünfeld in Paris) introduced me to kidney physiology and antidiuretic
James Bassingthwaighte

James B. Bassingthwaighte is a Professor of Bioengineering and Radiology at the University of Washington. He is an active teacher and researcher focused on bioengineering and quantitative and
Peter Bie

Born August 25, 1943 in Bogense, Denmark, as the son of accountant Niels Kjeldsen Bie and grade school teacher Karen Marie Bie (née Thomsen). Childhood in the village of Roedding, southern Jutland, from where the family moved to Copenhagen in
Beverly Bishop

The broad objective of my research over the years, has been to identify and analyze how the nervous system controls muscle activity in the intact behaving animal including human subjects. Much of my experimental work
Roland Blantz

Born and raised in Portland Oregon, Dr. Roland Blantz left to attend Johns Hopkins University where he received his A.B. and M.D. degrees. After completing internal medicine training at the University of Colorado Medical Center, Denver and a
Clark Blatteis

Clark Blatteis, professor of physiology at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, is interviewed in this segment of “Living History of Physiology” by APS Executive Director Dr. Martin Frank. Dr. Blatteis has an outstanding
Mordecai Blaustein

Mordecai Blaustein, a professor of physiology and medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, grew up in Brooklyn, NY. He received his first chemistry set at an early age and, as a result, became enamored with the idea
Judith S. Bond

Judith S Bond, PhD, is an Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at Penn State College of Medicine, and an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine in Chapel Hill.
Claude Bouchard

Claude Bouchard is Professor and Director of the Human Genomics Laboratory at Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He holds the John W. Barton Sr. Endowed Chair in Genetics and Nutrition. He has a Ph.D. from the University of Texas
George Bray

After graduating from Brown University summa cum laude in 1953, Bray entered Harvard Medical School graduating magna cum laude in 1957. His post-doctoral training included an internship at The Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, MD fellowship at the NIH, the University of Rochester, the National
Felix Bronner

Dr. Bronner has had a career of more than 50 years working on the physiology of calcium and bone metabolism, as well as nutrition. He officially retired in 1989, but he is still active in research, writing and editing, and organizing talks and
Maurice Burg

Dr. Burg has had a career that spans nearly 50 years, as he has been a leader in the field of renal physiology. He is known for his development of critical technology that has led to new pathways of discovering physiological principles
Elsworth Buskirk

Throughout his career, Buskirk did research in many different areas of applied physiology and human nutrition including a brief period in which he studied the physiological effects of high altitude on athletes.
Oscar A. Candia

I am a Professor of Ophthalmology and Professor of Physiology here at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York where I have been since 1968. I am also Vice-chairman and Director of Research in the Department of Ophthalmology.
Shu Chien

Shu Chien was installed as the 63th President of the American Physiological Society at the close of the Society's spring meeting in Washington, DC. Chien, a professor of bioengineering and medicine at the University of California,
Parimal "Perry" Chowdhury

Parimal Chowdhury, Ph.D. is a Professor of Physiology & Biophysics and Associate Professor of Pharmacology & Toxicology at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), Little Rock, Arkansas. He holds a joint appointment as Adjunct
Niels Christensen

I was born in Denmark in 1939. My grandfather was a pharmacist and another member of my family a well-known fine art painter. I did well in school and was admitted to a boarding school to obtain the general certificate of education.
Jerry Collins

Jerry Clayton Collins received the Bachelor of Engineering degree from Vanderbilt University in 1962, the Master of Science degree from Purdue University in 1965, and the Ph.D. from Duke University in 1970, all in electrical engineering.
Victor A. Convertino

Dr. Vic Convertino is the Senior Scientist (SES) for Combat Casualty Care and Director of the newly formed Battlefield Health & Trauma Center for Human Integrated Physiology at the U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research at Fort Sam Houston, Texas. He received baccalaureate degrees in Mathematics and
Helen Cooke

Helen Cooke was born in Greenfield, Massachusetts in 1943. She received a B.S. degree from the University Massachusetts in 1965 and an M.S. from U.C.L.A. in 1967. Shortly thereafter, she moved to Australia and obtained a
Allen W. Cowley

Allen W. Cowley, Jr. has been Professor and Chairman of the Department of Physiology at the Medical College of Wisconsin since 1980. He earned his doctorate in Physiology from Hahneman Medical College in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania working with
Robert Kellogg Crane

As a rock-ribbed, dyed in the wool biochemist I was surprised, pleased and felt greatly honored to be included in the Living History program together with such a distinguished group of physiologists.
Julio C. Cruz

In 1959, as a medical student, I had the opportunity to work with Dr. Dante Peñaloza, head of the Department of Cardiology; there is where I learned how to perform right heart catheterizations, marking the beginning of my passion
William Dantzler

William H. Dantzler was born in 1935 in Mt. Holly, New Jersey. In 1940, his family moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin where he received his grade school and high school education. He earned his A.B. at Princeton University
David C. Dawson

I was raised in Pittsburgh, PA. during what became known as the “golden years” of the American economy (mid 40’s to mid 70’s) when postwar prosperity was widely shared. I developed three strong interests; electricity, music and running. My cousin,
Adolfo J. de Bold

I was born in Paraná, Argentina. I undertook my university training at the Faculty of Chemical Sciences at the National University of Córdoba obtaining a professional degree in Clinical Biochemistry in 1968 after residence training in
Primal de Lanerolle

I was born in Colombo, Sri Lanka. My family moved to Berkeley, CA in 1958 where I went to middle and high school. I then went to Whitworth College, a small Presbyterian liberal arts school in Spokane, WA. I got a fantastic education at Whitworth and graduated in 1968 with a double major in English and Chemistry.
Arthur L. DeVries

Art DeVries grew up near the Rocky Mountains in Montana. He graduated from the University of Montana with honors in zoology in 1960. Following a year research position with Stanford University to conduct research on respiratory metabolism on Antarctic notothenioid fishes at McMurdo Sound he enrolled in
Antonio Delgado-Almeida

I was born in Barcelona, Venezuela, on April 11, 1941. I met my wife Nedda Josefina Leon,when working in the Central Hospital of the Joint Force Army Venezuela and we married the next year (1964).
Jerome A. Dempsey

I received most of my education in Canada, finishing at the University of Wisconsin (UW)-Madison medical school, where I have remained throughout my academic career. The research in our laboratory centered on the broad field
Naranjan Dhalla

After obtaining MS degree at the University of Pennsylvania and PhD degree at the University of Pittsburgh, as well as serving as Assistant Professor at the St. Louis University for 2 years, he joined the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg
Gerald DiBona

Dr. DiBona received his undergraduate education (BA degree) at Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts and his medical education (MD cum laude degree) at Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.
H. Fred Downey

H. Fred Downey received the Ph.D. Degree in Biophysics from the University of Illinois in 1968. He served as Assistant Professor of Physiology at University of Illinois; Assistant and Associate Professor of Physiology at University of Texas
Douglas C. Eaton

Douglas C. Eaton is a Distinguished Professor and former Chairman of Physiology and Professor of Pediatrics at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. He received a Masters in Marine Biology from Scripps Institute of Oceanography in 1969 and his Ph.D. in Neuroscience from the University of California
Walter Ehrlich

I was born in the German speaking region of Czechoslovakia near Karlovy Vary, in the year 1915. I studied medicine at the Charles University in Prague. I had a leading position in the student movement against fascism and war.
Robert Eisenberg

I have been interested in how physical things work as long as I can remember, and in how living things work nearly as long, from the day my father (a physician and then psychiatrist) showed me that was the best way to mold my interests to his approval.
John Faulkner

John Faulkner's research focuses on the contractile properties of whole skeletal muscles, motor units, and single skeletal muscle fibers from mice and rats and single fibers from muscle biopsies of humans. In particular, he and his
Eric Feigl

Eric Feigl was born in Iowa City, Iowa and grew up in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He is the son of a famous logical positivist philosopher of science, Herbert Feigl of the Vienna Circle. Eric graduated from the University of Minnesota
Carlos Ferrario

Carlos M. Ferrario, MD, is a cardiologist whose research has advanced understanding and treatment of high blood pressure and vascular disease. A graduate of the University of Buenos Aires Medical School in 1963, Dr. Ferrario pursued
Robert Fitzgerald

At the outset it is in my view critical to say that I have been educated considerably beyond my talents. Yet I’m finding my ignorance in many areas to be profound and extensive. My first academic degree is a Litt.B. from Xavier University
G. Edgar Folk Jr.

G. Edgar Folk, Professor Emeritus of Molecular Physiology at the University of Iowa, is interviewed in July 2007 in this segment of “Living History of Physiology” by Charles Wunder, also a Professor Emeritus at the University of Iowa.
Hubert V. Forster

I grew up on a farm in northwest Wisconsin graduating from high school in 1958. My undergraduate degree was from the University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire (1962) where I majored in history and physical education. After teaching and coaching for a year at a small high school in northwest Wisconsin, I attended
Robert E. Forster

Robert Elder Forster II was born in St. David's Pennsylvania, and has lived in that neighborhood for most of his life. He graduated from Radnor High School in Wayne in 1937 and with his family took up residence again in that area
Martin Frank

I was born in Chicago, Illinois and grew up with the natural curiosity of youth, exploring the world around me. That led me to science and the associated science projects and science fairs that one pursues while growing up. For me, that
Gerhard Giebisch

Gerhard Giebisch, M.D., is Sterling Professor Emeritus of Cellular and Molecular Physiology at the Yale University School of Medicine. He was born and raised in Vienna, Austria, where he attended elementary and high school and
H. Maurice Goodman

I decided on a career in biology back in pre-high school days. My interest in physiology was piqued by Professor Gjerding Olson during my undergraduate years at Brandeis. Olson, who had been a student of Professor Frederic Hisaw at Harvard, guided
Malcolm Gordon

Malcolm Gordon was born in Brooklyn, New York City, November 13, 1933. Growing up he and his family lived in several places in Brooklyn, northern New Jersey and Los Angeles, CA. He earned his undergraduate degree in zoology from
Jared J. Grantham

Jared James Grantham was born on May 19, 1936 in Dodge City, Kansas, the first child of Jimmie H., a restaurant server and Ista I. Grantham, a beautician. When Grantham was 4 years old the family moved to Pratt, Kansas where his father
John E. Greenleaf

Dr. Greenleaf established and directed the Laboratory for Human Environmental Physiology in the Life Sciences Division at the research center. Over his 40-year career, he has had 181 published research articles, 127 abstracts, 23 book
Michael M. Grunstein

Dr. Michael Grunstein received his MSc and PhD degrees from McGill University in 1974 and 1977, respectively. Under the supervision of Dr. Joseph Milic-Emili, then Chairman of the Dept. of Physiology, he conducted research in the area of
William Hansel

Dr. Hansel currently leads a group of scientists at the Pennington Center and on the LSU Campus that is developing a new method for treating prostate, breast, testes, and ovarian cancers based on targeting lytic peptides to gonadotropin
Barbara C. Hansen

Dr. Barbara Hansen is the Director of the Obesity, Diabetes and Aging Research Center of the College of Medicine and Professor of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics at the University of South Florida Tampa. Her research has addressed the physiological, cellular, and molecular defects underlying the
Alan R. Hargens

Alan R. Hargens, Ph.D. is Professor and Director of the Orthopaedic Clinical Physiology Lab at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD). He previously served as Chief of the Space Physiology Branch and Space Station Project Scientist at NASA
Richard Hawkins

I began schooling in Greenwich Connecticut, where I was born, then moved with my family to San Diego, attended the excellent public schools there, and earned a BSc degree in biology from San Diego State College in ‘63.

My early research on the solubility and physiology of oxygen uptake led to a clinical focus on respiratory pathophysiology and its mitigation, as well as the role of equipment safety and performance in patient care. In 1966 I began my work in the development of national and international safety and performance...
Lois Jane Heller

Lois Jane Heller (nee Skagerberg) was born in Detroit Michigan in 1942. Her academic degrees include a BA from Albion College (1964), and MS in Physiology from University of Michigan (1966, advisor David Bohr). She and her husband,
Edith Hendley

I am approaching my 90th birthday in a few weeks, finding myself, improbably, still a practicing physiologist. It started when I was a sophomore at Hunter College of the City of New York, when I took my first physiology course and fell in love with our discipline. Over the following seventy or so years since then
John M. Horowitz

Dr. John Horowitz is a Research Professor in the Department of Neurobiology, Physiology, & Behavior in the College of Biological Sciences at the University of California, Davis. He received his BS and MS degrees in electrical engineering at UC Berkeley,
Barbara A. Horwitz

Dr. Barbara Horwitz, a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Neurobiology, Physiology, & Behavior in the College of Biological Sciences and the Department of Physiology & Membrane Biology in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Davis, earned her PhD in Physiology from Emory
Kenneth A. Hubel

Location and chance play a big role in our lives. I graduated from high school in Rye, NY in 1945 in the final days of WWII. I had hoped to enter a naval preflight program but was rejected because of protein in my urine, a sign of possible renal disease. Disappointed, I enlisted in the Navy and was discharged
Leonard "Jim" Jefferson

Following completion of medical school preclinical years and thesis research for a Ph.D. degree at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Dr. Leonard S. (Jim) Jefferson received postdoctoral training at Cambridge University before being recruited to
Leonard R. Johnson

My graduate studies included a research rotation in the laboratory of Dr. Horace W. Davenport, chairman of the department with an imposing 6’8” statue and a photographic memory and widely considered brilliant but not easy going. Other students avoided his
Paul C. Johnson

Paul C. Johnson has been a member of the American Physiological Society since 1959. At the time of the Living History interview, Johnson was Professor Emeritus, University of Arizona, Department of Physiology and Adjunct Professor
Gabor Kaley

To call Gabe Kaley an elder statesman would probably insult him, but only the elder part. Vigorous and energetic, he treats his age as irrelevant: “In the last five years, I have been more productive and have published more papers than
Abba Kastin

Abba J. Kastin was born in Ohio and educated at Harvard College and Harvard Medical School. After starting his work on neuropeptides as a Clinical Associate at NIH, he went to Louisiana where he now holds an endowed
Arnold M. Katz

Dr. Katz was born in Chicago on July 30, 1932. His mother, a graduate of the Cleveland Conservatory of Music, was a piano teacher. Louis N. Katz, his father, was an internationally renowned cardiologist and basic science investigator who
Franklyn Knox

Franklyn G. Knox was born in Rochester, New York, and completed all his professional education at the now State University of New York at Buffalo. He received the B.S. degree in 1959 and the M.D. and Ph.D. degrees in 1965. The last
Kiyomi Koizumi

I was born in Kobe, Japan in 1924 as the youngest of 6 children. Around that time in Japan, girls were educated differently from boys. Having received completely segregated education for girls beginning from my grade school, I entered Tokyo Women’s
Joan E. Lafuze

Joan Esterline Lafuze has been a member of the American Physiological Society since she was a graduate student in the 1970’s. At the time of the Living History Interview, Lafuze was a Professor of Biology at Indiana University East,
Peter K. Lauf

Peter K Lauf, received his M.D. degree at the University of Freiburg/Germany in 1959 under the mentorship of the neurophysiologist Paul Hoffmann and the pharmacologist Karl Fleckenstein. He was fellow at the Institute of Pathology
Samuel Leonard

Dr. Leonard was a pioneer in the fields of endocrinology and reproductive physiology. His research focused on hormones of the pituitary gland and thyroid gland, the regulation of the mammary gland, and anywhere else hormones are
Marshall A. Lichtman

Marshall A. Lichtman was born in New York City in 1934 to Vera (Silverstein) and Samuel Lichtman. He spent his early years in the Bronx, his father’s home. Because of his father’s service in the Army Air Corps during World War II (1942-1945), he attended public schools in the Bronx, Buffalo, N.Y., Sumter,
Maria C. Linder

Dr. Maria C. Linder is Professor of Biochemistry in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at California State University Fullerton, and Director of the university’s Howard Hughes Medical Institute-supported Research Scholars Program.
Anthony Macknight

Professor A. D. C. (Tony) Macknight graduated MBChB from the University of Otago in 1963. After a year as a House Surgeon, he returned to the Otago Department of Physiology where he completed a PhD in 1968 and an MD in 1969.
Virendra B. Mahesh

Virendra B. Mahesh is Regents Professor and Chairman Emeritus, Department of Physiology and Endocrinology at the Medical College of Georgia (now Georgia Regents University). He received his Ph.D. degree in 1955
Richard Malvin

Dr. Malvin has been a member of the American Physiological Society since 1960, and a faculty member at the University of Michigan since 1956. He has had a very illustrious research career, and he is probably best known for his
Charles McCormack

I was born in 1938 in rural northern Illinois as the third of six children in a farm family. When I was three years old we moved 20 miles north to rural southern Wisconsin. 1944, I remember being the only first grader in a rural one-room school of 13 students
Donald W. Michielli

Donald W. Michielli received his BS degree in Physical Education from Springfield College and continued on to Ohio State University to earn a Ph.D. in Exercise Physiology in 1965. Prior to entering graduate school Michielli served in Korea
Jere H. Mitchell

Jere H. Mitchell, a physician-scientist, was born in Longview, Texas on Oct. 17, 1928. There were no doctors in the family and, in fact, no one had finished college. Jere knew two local doctors who became his role models and from an early age his
Adrian Morrison

Adrian Morrison is Professor Emeritus of Behavioral Neuroscience at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. He has also served as Director of the Program for Animal Research Issues at the Alcohol,
Tetsuo Nakamoto

I was born as the eldest son in my family. My father was a successful dentist in a medium-sized town in Japan. I assumed automatically, as part of Japanese culture, I would inherit his profession once I grew up. I enrolled in...
L. Gabriel Navar

Originally from El Paso, Texas and a graduate of Texas A&M University, Luis Gabriel Navar “Gabby” received his Ph.D. in 1966 from the University of Mississippi under the direction of Dr. Arthur Guyton. He served on the faculties of the
T. Richard Nichols

Richard Nichols obtained his Bachelor’s degree in biology at Brown University. While at Brown he completed his first research on invertebrate sensory receptors and reflexes. He then pursued his doctoral research in the Department of Physiology at Harvard Medical School with James Houk with Elwood
Hiroko Nishimura

Hiroko was born in 1937 in Tokyo, Japan, and grew up in Niigata City, an old city at the Japanese seaside, during World War II. She received the M.D. degree in 1961 from Tokyo Medical and Dental University and the Degree of Medical Science in 1968 from the University of Tokyo. She joined the Department of Pharmacology
Randall Packer

I was born on 5 November, 1945 and was raised by my grandparents in Blanchard Pennsylvania. I graduated from Lock Haven high school in 1963 and in the fall of 1963 entered Lock Haven State...
Charles Rawlinson Park

Charles Rawlinson Park, better known as Rollo by his many friends and associates, was born in Baltimore, Maryland on March 2, 1916. His father, Edwards A. Park, was on the staff of Johns Hopkins Medical School and later became
Robert W. Phillips

Robert W. Phillips (Bob) was born in Peoria, Illinois, in 1929. He was an unmotivated student and after an unremarkable education through high school in Peoria he spent several lackadaisical years at Bradley and Kansas State
Berry Pinshow

As a youngster in South Africa, I was an inveterate twitcher; when I was 5 or 6, an uncle of mine, Sam Jaff put a pair of binocs in my hands and suggested that ID the birds in his garden. I was one of those incredibly lucky people who managed to make his professional métier of his hobby – one might say that, as
Johnny R. Porter

I grew up as a child in Union Parish, a very economically deprived parish in North Central Louisiana. My father, John T. Porter, was a farmer until I was seven years old. My Dad only had a high school education. My mother, Betty Porter, was a housewife and helper with the crops until we moved a short distance
Ananda Prasad

Ananda S. Prasad was born in Buxar, a small town in the state of Bihar, India. After graduation from high school, he joined Patna Science College, Patna University where he was top student in chemistry and received B.Sc degree
Paul M. Quinton

The most prevalent force in shaping my career has been the genetic disease, Cystic Fibrosis (CF). As a sophomore at the University of Texas, Austin, in the process reading about bronchiectasis I found that my respiratory problems and other symptoms coincided well with the description of CF.
Krishnamurthy Ramaswamy

Dr. Krishnamurthy Ramaswamy, Ph.D. was born in a small town in the southern part of India, as the son of a high school history teacher and a homemaker. He lost his parents before the age of nine, and his oldest sister and brother-in-law took him into their family and helped him with his
Patangi K. Rangachari

I was lucky that I grew up in India, a statement that may raise serious concerns about my sanity but is nevertheless true. I did not suffer summer camps, obligatory sports clubs, or orchestrated social activities. There was a delightful sense of freedom.
Peter Raven

Peter B. Raven was born and raised in London, England and immigrated to the United States in 1965 to study at the University of Oregon. He graduated with a Ph.D. in the Scientific Basis of Physical Education in 1969 and joined
Lawrence W. Raymond

Dr. Raymond’s interest in medicine and physiology arose in strange surroundings: the confined spaces of Esso’s oil refinery pressure vessels in which welders labor to upgrade process efficiency and enhance the Bottom Line. He and his industrial hygiene partners were loaned a 110-foot distillation column to
David Robertshaw

David Robertshaw was born in the UK and obtained his veterinary and PhD degrees from Glasgow University in Scotland. He was then recruited to Kenya on three different assignments the last being as the inaugural professor of veterinary physiology at the new University of Nairobi. He then became
Loring Rowell

Loring (Larry) Rowell was born in Lynn, Massachusetts on January 27, 1930. He graduated from high school in 1948 and entered the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts in 1948 as a major in Science and Biology.
Rafael Rubio

Dr. Rubio has been a professor at UASLP for 13 years. His undergraduate work was done in Mexico City and only influenced by Dr. Arturo Rosenblueth and Walter B. Cannon, for whom he was a lab technician working on
Brenda Russell

Dr. Brenda Russell is Professor Emerita of Physiology and Biophysics, and formerly Professor of Bioengineering and Medicine at the University of Illinois at Chicago. She has ongoing NIH funding and an active research
James A. Schafer

Schafer is a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Cell, Developmental, and Integrative Biology (formerly the Department of Physiology and Biophysics) at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and
Bodil Schmidt-Nielsen

Bodil Schmidt-Nielsen brought to the presidency of APS traditions different from those of her recent predecessors. Of the eleven presidents beginning with Pappenheimer (1964-65), seven of them received a major part of their education or
Stanley G. Schultz

A native of New York City, he graduated from Stuyvesant HS in 1949, received his baccalaureate (B.A.), summa cum laude, from Columbia University in 1952, and his medical degree (M.D.) from New York University College of Medicine
John Severinghaus

John Wendell Severinghaus was born in Madison, Wisconsin on May 6, 1922, under chloroform anesthesia requiring version from a transverse lie and foot first extraction. His Mother’s obstetrician suspected the baby was brain damaged,
Thomas H. Shaffer

As the Director of the Center for Pediatric Research, for the last decade I have served as the PD/PI of the Center, which is supported by the NIH NIGMS COBRE program and have been responsible for administering its staff, revenues and research. In addition, I am also the Director of the Center for Pediatric
Marion Siegman

Marion J. Siegman was born in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of C. Joseph and Helen Siegman. Her Father was a physician, a graduate of the University of Vienna. Her parents and brother Felix emigrated to the United States in 1927.
R. John Solaro

John Solaro was born in the small town of Wadsworth outside of Cleveland, OH, where his parents, grandparents, aunts, and uncles lived. His father and grand-parents emigrated from Sicily and John’s mother was born in Cleveland.
Harvey V. Sparks

Harvey V. Sparks, Jr. was the 60th President of the American Physiological Society. Sparks, who has been active in Society affairs since 1970, succeeded Franklyn G. Knox as the APS's chief elected officer.
Novera Herbert Spector

Herb Spector writes: “In my ninety-first year, I am looking more forward than backward. If our species survives another 30 years, we will look back in horror at the barbaric practices of today in clinical medicine, just as we look back in horror
Kalluri Sri Nageswari

My father was one of the first few Doctorates of Science in Chemistry from Andhra University, India. He died at an early age of 38. My mother was drawing meager military pension as a widow and was not educated. She had lot of
Robert C. Speth

While one might normally trace their academic career to starting graduate school, my graduate school days were more like limbo for me. Yes, I obtained a Masters in Physiological Psychology at Connecticut College in 1972 and a PhD in Pharmacology at Vanderbilt University in 1976. But, truth be told, I
Piergiorgio Strata

I was born in a small village in the Northern Italy where my father was a country doctor. In 1939 he was accused of disloyalty to fascism, condemned to jail and in 1940 confined to a small village in the south of Italy
Douglas G. Stuart

Douglas G. Stuart is a retired professor at the University of Arizona and still an active researcher. He trained first in Physical Education (Sydney Teachers' College, Australia, 1948-50,D.P.E. & Michigan State University,
Kenneth Swan

Ken Swan is Professor.of Surgery at New Jersey Medical School in Newark. He was born in Scarsdale, New York and graduated from its high school. He attended Harvard College, where he majored in History and Science and graduated
Joseph Szurszewski

I was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and attended Duquesne University where I received my B.S. degree in 1962. My interest in human biology and in particular in physiology was ignited by Dr. Julius Greenstein who taught a course in
William T. Talman

William T. Talman is Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience at the University of Iowa. After receiving a BA from the Virginia Military Institute and an M.D. from the University of Virginia, he did residency in Internal Medicine at Case
Anna Newman Taylor

Three of my grandparents and parents were Viennese. My maternal grandfather came to Vienna from Poland in 1900. I and my brother were also born in Vienna Austria. Both grandmothers had dress salons. Prior to World War I, at the turn of the 20th century, my maternal grandmother, Juliette Beck, was the
Aubrey Taylor

Aubrey Elmo Taylor was born in El Paso and grew up in Bryson, Texas, Ventura and Oxnard, California, and Fort Worth, where he was graduated from Paschal High School, a school popularized by novelist Dan Jenkins. After a hitch
Charles M. Tipton

Charles M. Tipton (Tip) was born in Evanston, Illinois in 1927. Subsequently, his family moved to rural Maryland located half-way between Washington D.C. and Leesburg, Virginia. In 1945 he enlisted in the Army and was selected to be a
Paul M.G. Vanhoutte

Dr. Paul M. Vanhoutte was born in 1940 in Belgium, where he obtained his degrees at the University of Gent (B.S., M.S., and M.D.) and the University of Antwerpen (equivalent to Ph.D.). He received his postdoctoral training at the
Mario Vassalle

Mario Vassalle was born in Viareggio, a lovely seaside resort on the Tyrrhenian coast of Tuscany, not far from Pisa, Lucca and Florence, where the golden sand and the azure of the sea is crowned by the majesty of the nearby
Stephen Vatner

Vatner's research aims are directed at expanding the knowledge of mechanisms of cardiovascular control in normal and disease states; these discoveries have led to innovative new approaches to the treatment of heart
Wiltz Wagner

Wiltz Wagner, Professor of Pharmacology at the University Of South Alabama School Of Medicine, is interviewed in this segment of the “Living History of Physiology” by Dr. Troy Stevens, Chairman of the Physiology Department also
Karlman Wasserman

Karlman Wasserman was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1927 and graduated from high School in Passaic, New Jersey in June 1944. World War II was still quite active, allied troops just having landed in Normandy in their European
Ewald R. Weibel

Ewald Rudolf Weibel was born in Switzerland on March 5, 1929, the son of a typewriter mechanic. After the Cantonal College in Aarau — the school Albert Einstein had attended 50 years earlier — and Medical School in Zürich, graduating in 1955, he worked as assistant in the Institute of Anatomy studying the
John B. West

John West was born in Adelaide, Australia in 1928. He had the good fortune to attend an excellent high school and developed a love of science, particularly high energy physics. He considered this for a career but as was the custom
Charles H. Williams

I was born on 21 January 1935 at home on the family farm (80 acres) in Ozark Township, Barry County, MO. I am the 9th child in a family of 13 children. Two died as infants so there were 11 living siblings. The farm was part of land
John A. Williams

I was born in 1941 in Des Moines, Iowa, moved with my family while my father served in WWII ending up in Iowa City where my father was teaching at the University. At age 7 we moved to Ellensburg, Washington, an agricultural town
Howard Winet

Howard was the first in his family to graduate college. He considers himself "Just a scientist" in the sense that he has plugged away in the lab, struggling through small steps in advancing our understanding of nature, and has no pretentions of solving...
Jackie D. Wood

Jackie D. Wood is a professor in the Department of Physiology and Cell Biology and in the Department of Internal Medicine in the Ohio State University College of Medicine. He received his doctorate in 1969 from the Department of Physiology
Robert D. Wurster

While attending high school, I simultaneously took evening and summer courses at Indiana University extension college. After three years of high school, I went to Purdue University. There, I began working part-time for a physiology professor. I assisted with physiological research in human temperature regulation
F. Eugene Yates

Having enjoyed autobiographical reports from the many very durable scientists you have been publishing in The Physiologist, I am delighted to get my turn, after I celebrated my 80th birthday last week. Your invitation and questions
Warren M. Zapol

Warren M. Zapol, MD, is the emeritus Anesthetist-in-Chief at Massachusetts General Hospital and the Reginald Jenney Professor of Anaesthesia at Harvard Medical School. From 1994 to 2008, Dr. Zapol served as anesthetist-in-chief at MGH and is
Irving H. Zucker

Zucker 55x54
Irving H. Zucker, Ph.D. is the Theodore F. Hubbard Professor of Cardiovascular Research and Chairman of the Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha, Nebraska...