• High-Fat Diet during Pregnancy Compromises Offspring’s Lung Health:  Women who follow a high-fat diet during pregnancy may increase their children’s risk for asthma. A mouse study by Oregon Health and Science University researchers suggests that consistent consumption of fat-laden foods may change the immune response of the offsprings’ respiratory system. The article is published in Physiological Reports.
  • Statins May Provide Treatment Alternative for Chronic Liver Disease:  Statin drugs are widely used to manage high cholesterol and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. But in a new review of more than 50 studies, researchers cite reductions in liver inflammation and improvements in other related factors as reasons why statins make good candidates for treating chronic liver disease. The article is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology.
  • APS Urges Congress to Reject Proposed Cuts to Research:  APS issued a statement March 16 urging Congress to reject President Trump’s plan for drastic NIH budget cuts.
  • Synched Work Schedules during “Antarctic Summer” May Affect Release Patterns of Sleep and Wake Hormones:  The continuous daylight conditions of summer in Antarctica are known to interfere with physiological functions such as sleep patterns and the release of melatonin, a hormone associated with circadian rhythms and sleep. Now, a study offers new information about why people in this region sleep poorly, and suggests that social behavior may also play a role. The study, published ahead of print in the Journal of Applied Physiology, was chosen as an APSselect article for March.
  • Caffeine Reduces Oxidative Stress, Improves Oxygen-Induced Lung Injury:  A new study finds that caffeine may protect the lungs from damage caused by prolonged oxygen therapy, such as oxygen supplementation given to premature babies. The article is the first of its kind to study the positive effects of caffeine on the lungs’ minute tissue structures. It is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology.
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